Grootna was an American psych-rock/soul band from Berkeley that released a self-titled album on Columbia in 1971. Members: Kelly Bryan (bass), Slim Chance [Austin De Leon] (guitar, vocals), Greg Dewey [Dewey Dagreaze] (drums, vocals), Anna Rizzo (vocals), Vic Smith (guitar, vocals), Richard Sussman (piano) Formation Grootna blossomed from a shared housing situation between guitarist Slim […]


Chrysalis were an American psych-rock band from Ithaca, NY, that released the album Definition on MGM in 1968. Members: James Spider Barbour (vocals, guitar), Nancy Nairn (vocals), Jon Sabin (guitar), Paul Album (bass), Dahaud Shaar (drums), Ralph Kotkov (keyboards) Discography: Definition (1968)

Bubble Puppy

Bubble Puppy were an American psych-rock band from San Antonio that released the album A Gathering of Promises on International Artists in 1969. The band subsequently changed its name to Demian for an eponymous release in 1971. Members: Rod Prince (guitar, vocals), David Fore (drums), Todd Potter (guitar), Roy Cox Jr. (bass, vocals) Discography: A […]

Blues Image

Blues Image were an American psych-rock band from Tampa that released three albums on Atco between 1969 and 1970. Members: Malcolm Jones (bass), Joe Lala (drums, percussion), Manuel Bertematti (drums), Mike Pinera (guitar, vocals, 1966-70), Skip Konte (keyboards, 1968-71), Kent Henry (guitar, 1970-71), Denny Correll (vocals, 1970-71) Discography: Blues Image (1969) Open (1970) Red White […]


Heaven was an English brass-rock band that played the 1969 and 1970 Isle of Wight festivals. In 1971, they made the double-album Brass Rock 1, released on CBS in a lavish six-fold sleeve. It features the talents of trombonist David Horler (Michael Gibbs, Garuda, Peter Herbolzheimer Rhythm Combination & Brass, Kenny Wheeler Big Band) and […]


Zakarrias was the alias of Austrian Robert Haumer, a singer-songwriter based in London. In 1971, he assembled a makeshift band of English musicians for a self-titled album on Deram. The album features appearances from journeyman keyboardist Peter Robinson (Ablution, Brand X, Quatermass, Sun Treader) and future-Henry Cow saxophonist Geoff Leigh. Members: Robert Haumer [Zakarrias] (vocals), […]


Jonesy was an English symphonic/hard-rock band that released three 1972/73 albums on Dawn: No Alternative, Keeping Up…, and Growing. Material for a fourth album, Sudden Prayers Make God Jump, appeared decades later as an archival disc. Members: John Evan-Jones (keyboards, guitar, vocals), Trevor Jones (violin, vocals, bass, keyboards, 1971, 1972-74), Bernard Hagley (saxophone, flute, 1971), […]

Dr. Z

Dr. Z was an English post-psych organ trio that released a standalone single on Fontana in 1970, followed by the album Three Parts to My Soul on the Vertigo “swirl” label in 1971. Members: Keith Morris [aka Keith Keyes] (keyboards, vocals), Bob Watkins (drums), Rob Watson (bass) Background Dr. Z was formed in 1969 by […]

Bobby Hutton

Bobby Hutton (born Harold Hutton) is an American soul singer from Detroit who released six singles between 1965 and 1971, culminating with the 1973 ABC release Piece of the Action. Bobby Hutton started singing at age five. He launched his career in Detroit, where he won a talent show at the 20 Grand nightclub. In […]


Jellyroll was an American brass-rock band from Cincinnati that released a self-titled album on Kapp Records in 1971. Members: Roger Troy (lead vocals), Eddie Setser (guitar), Tim Hedding (keyboards, backing vocals), Lee Asch (alto, tenor, baritone saxophone), Dave Parkinson (tenor saxophone), Bob Thorne (trumpet), Joe DeAguero (conga), Stu Perry (drums, percussion) Background Jellyroll evolved from […]

High Tide

High Tide was an English psychedelic hard-rock band that released the album Sea Shanties on UA/Liberty in 1969, followed by a self-titled second album in 1970. Guitarist Tony Hill hailed from transatlantic garage-rockers The Misunderstood. Violinist Simon House later joined the Third Ear Band and Hawkwind. Members: Tony Hill (vocals, guitar, bass), Peter Pavli (bass, […]

Paul Korda

Paul Korda (1948 – March 11, 2020) was an English singer, songwriter, and producer who issued a string of ’60s-era singles, including the 1969 ecological number “Seagull,” also recorded by Love Sculpture. In 1970, he co-fronted the brass-rock big band Dada for one album on Atco. His first solo album, Passing Stranger, appeared in 1971 […]


Dream was a Norwegian psych-rock band that released the 1967 album Get Dreamy on Polydor. Guitarist Terje Rypdal embarked on a lengthy career as an international jazz sessionist and ECM recording artist. Members: Terje Rypdal (guitar, vocals), Christian Reim (piano, organ, vocals), Hans Marius Stormoen (bass), Tom Karlsen (drums, percussion) Dream formed in Oslo in […]

Don Shinn

Don Shinn (born December 15, 1945) is an English keyboardist and composer who played in the ’60s beat groups The Soul Agents and The MeddyEvils. In 1969, he released the soul-jazz solo albums Temples With Prophets and Departures. In 1970, he co-founded Dada, a brass-rock-soul big band with singers Paul Korda and Elkie Brooks. After […]

Swamp Dogg

Swamp Dogg — aka Jerry Williams Jr. (born July 14, 1942) — is an American R&B/soul-funk musician and singer from Portsmouth, Va., who released the album Total Destruction to Your Mind on Canyon Records in 1970, followed by albums on Elektra, Cream Records, Stone Dogg, and Island during the ensuing decade. Discography: Total Destruction to […]

Steve Miller Band

The Steve Miller Band are an American classic-rock band from San Francisco that released 14 studio albums on Capitol Records between 1968 and 1986. Guitarist and singer Steve Miller formed the band in 1966 with Boz Scaggs, who left after two albums for a solo career. Members: Steve Miller (vocals, guitar, harmonica, synthesizer, keyboards), Curley […]

Mecki Mark Men

Mecki Mark Men were a Swedish psychedelic rock band that released a self-titled 1967 album on Philips, followed by the 1969 Limelight release Running in the Summer Night and the 1971 Sonet title Marathon. Percussionist Thomas Mera Gartz did numerous sessions and became a folk-psych solo artist. Members: Mecki Bodemark (organ, vocals), Björn Fredholm (drums, […]


Nitzinger were an American hard-rock band from Fort Worth, Tex., that released two albums on Capitol in 1972/73, followed by a third on 20th Century in 1976. Members: John Nitzinger (guitar, lead vocals), Linda Waring (drums, vocals), Curly Benton (bass, vocals), Bugs Henderson (guitar, vocals) Discography: Nitzinger (1972) One Foot in History (1973) Live Better […]

The New York Rock & Roll Ensemble

The New York Rock & Roll Ensemble was an American psychedelic baroque-rock band that released three albums between 1968 and 1970 on Atco, followed by two 1971–72 titles on Columbia. Keyboardist Michael Kamen became a Hollywood film composer. Members: Clifton Nivison (vocals, guitar, percussion), Dorian Rudnytsky (vocals, cello, bass, piano, trumpet, french horn), Michael Kamen […]


The Nazz was an American psych-rock band from Philadelphia that released the 1968–69 albums Nazz and Nazz Nazz on SGC. Frontman Todd Rundgren launched a prolific solo career and later fronted Utopia. Drummer Thom Mooney resurfaced in the hard-rock super-trio Paris. Members: Robert “Stewkey” Antoni (piano, organ, lead vocals), Thom Mooney (drums), Todd Rundgren (guitar, […]


Malo were an American Latin rock band from San Francisco that released four albums on Warner Bros. between 1972 and 1974. Members: Arcelio Garcia (percussion, vocals), Jorge Santana (guitar, vocals), Abel Zarate (guitar), Pablo Tellez (bass), Richard Kermode (keyboards), Luis Gasca (trumpet), Richard Spremich (drums), Richard Bean (percussion, vocals) Discography: Malo (1972) Dos (1972) Evolution […]

Mandrake Memorial

Mandrake Memorial were an American psych-rock band from Philadelphia that released three albums on MGM-subsidiary Poppy Records in 1968/69. Members: Craig Anderton (guitar), Randy Monaco (bass, vocals), Kevin Lally (drums), Michael Kac (keyboards, vocals, 1967-69) Discography: The Mandrake Memorial (1968) Medium (1969) Puzzle (1969) “Something in the Air” / “Musical Man” (1970) 3 Part Inventions […]

The Millennium

The Millennium were an American pop-psych band from Los Angeles that released the album Begin on Columbia in 1968. Members: Curt Boettcher (producer, vocals, guitar), Ron Edgar (drums), Doug Rhodes (bass, harpsichord, piano), Michael Fennelly (vocals, guitar), Lee Mallory (vocals, guitar), Sandy Salisbury (vocals, guitar), Joey Stec (vocals, guitar) Discography: Begin (1968) Again (2000, recorded […]

The Moon

The Moon were an American psych-rock band from Hollywood that released two albums on Imperial in 1968/69. Members: Matthew Moore (guitar, keyboards), Larry Brown (drums, keyboards), David Marks (vocals, guitar), Drew Bennett (bass, 1967-68), David Jackson (bass, 1969) Discography: Without Earth (1968) The Moon (1969)


Micah were an American hard-rock band from Terra Haute, Ind., that released the album I’m Only One Man on Sterling Award in 1971. Members: Martin “Marty” Horne (lead guitar), Gary Taylor Ohlson (keyboards, Hammond organ, synthesizer), George Robert Wolff (drums, percussion), Robert “Bob” Rowe (lead vocals, 1971-?), Gus Hernandez (bass, 1971-?), Tom Gillis (bass, ?-1974), […]

D. Beaver

D. Beaver were an American art-pop band from Memphis that released the album Combinations on RCA-subsidiary TMI Records in 1973. Members: David Beaver (vocals, keyboards), Tommy Cathey (bass, vocals), Jimi Jamison (vocals), Carl Marsh (woodwinds, horns), Paul Allen Taylor (guitar, backing vocals), Joel Williams (drums, percussion, guitar) Discography: Combinations (1973)


Coven were an American hard-rock band from Chicago that released the albums Witchcraft Destroys Minds & Reaps Souls on Mercury in 1969, followed by two further albums on MGM and Buddah between 1971 and 1974. Members: Jinx Dawson (vocals), Mike “Oz” Osborne (bass), Jim Nyeholt (organ, piano), Jim Donlinger (guitar), Chris Nielsen (guitar, vocals), Rick […]


Colours were an American psych-rock band from California that released two albums on Dot Records in 1968/69. Members: Jack Dalton (guitar), Gary Montgomery (keyboards), Rob Edwards (lead guitar, 1967-?), Chuck Blackwell (drums, percussion, 1967-?), Carl Radle (bass, 1967-?) Discography: Colours (1968) Atmosphere (1969)


Afterglow were an American psych-rock band from Chico, Calif., that released a self-titled album on MTA Records in 1968. Members: Larry Alexander (drums), Ron George (bass guitar), Gene Resler (vocals), Roger Swanson (keyboards), Tony Tecumseh (guitar) Discography: Afterglow (1968)

Jimmy Campbell

Jimmy Campbell (1944–2007) was an English singer-songwriter from Liverpool who started in the 1960s beat group The Kirkbys, which morphed into psych-pop legends The 23rd Turnoff. As a solo artist, he released the albums Son of Anastasia (Fontana, 1969), Half Baked (Vertigo, 1970), and Jimmy Campbell’s Album (Philips, 1972). His partnership with bassist Bill Kinsley […]

Blues Section

Blues Section was a Finnish rock band that played a mix of blues-jazz and psychedelic pop and released a self-titled 1967 album on Love Records, which issued six non-album singles by the band, including three co-billed to frontman Jim Pembroke and one co-billed to his temporary replacement, English singer Frank Robson. Pembroke formed Wigwam with […]


Cargo were a Dutch hard-rock/jam band that released a self-titled album on Harvest in 1972. The band previously recorded as September, issuing three singles under that name on Imperial circa 1970/71. Members: Jan de Hont (guitar), Ad de Hont (guitar), Dennis Witbraat (drums), Willem de Vries (bass, vocals) Discography: “Little Sister” / “Walk on By” […]


Bojoura — aka Rajna Cleuver van Melzen (born April 15, 1947) — is a Dutch pop singer who released the album Night Flight, Night Sight on Polydor in 1968, followed by The Beauty of Bojoura on CBS in 1970. Discography: Night Flight, Night Sight (1968) The Beauty of Bojoura (1970)


Banten were a Dutch avant-jazz/rock band that released a self-titled album on BASF in 1972. Members: Rob van den Broeck (composer, Fender Rhodes, piano), Ernst Reijseger (cello, electric cello), Jurre Haanstra (drums, harmonica, vocals, whistle), Henny Vonk (composer, kazoo, percussion, piano, vocals), Arnold Dooyeweerd (double bass) Discography: Banten (1972)

After Tea

After Tea were a Dutch pop-psych band from Delft, Zuid-Holland, that released five pop-psych singles and two albums on Decca between 1967 and 1969, followed by a hard-rock/blues third album on Negram in 1970. Members: Hans van Eijck (keyboards, vocals), Martin Hage (drums), Polle Eduard (bass, guitar, vocals), Ray Fenwick (guitar, vocals), Ferry Lever (guitar, […]


Saturnalia was an English folk-psych band that released the album Magical Love on Matrix in 1973. Members: Rod Roach (guitar, backing vocals), Adrian Hawkins (vocals), Tom Crompton (drums), Richard Houghton (bass, keyboards), Aletta Lohmeyer (vocals) Background Saturnalia formed in London in 1972 when two ex-members of hard-rockers Horse, singer Adrian Hawkins and guitarist Rod Roach, […]


Bakerloo was an English blues-rock trio from the Midlands that released a self-titled album on Harvest in 1969. They broke up immediately afterward and another band (later known as Hannibal) toured the album under their name. Guitarist Clem Clempson joined Colosseum and became a prominent journeyman (Humble Pie, Greenslade, Snafu, Cozy Powell). Bassist Terry Poole […]

Mahavishnu Orchestra

The Mahavishnu Orchestra were a multinational jazz-rock ensemble that was active during the early-to-mid-1970s and again during the mid-1980s. Led through all phases by English guitarist John McLaughlin, the lineup underwent two incarnations between 1971 and 1976. The first incarnation was a five-piece band with Czech keyboardist Jan Hammer, Irish bassist Rick Laird, and two […]

Twinn Connexion

Twinn Connexion was an American vocal duo comprised of identical twins Jay and Jerry Hopkins. In 1968, they released a self-titled album on Decca. Members: Jay Hopkins (vocals), Jerry Hopkins (vocals) The Hopkin brothers were born on January 15, 1941, and grew up in Helena, Montana. Discography: Twinn Connexion (1968) Songs From the Heart (archival, […]


Whistler was an English folk-rock band that released the album HoHum on Deram in 1971. Members: George Howe (vocals, guitar, keyboards), John Chuter (vocals, guitar, bass), Ant Grout-Smith (guitar, bass, saxophone, vocals) As of August 2021, original Deram vinyl copies of HoHum sell for a median price of $346.27 on Discogs. Discography: HoHum (1971) Sources: […]

West Bruce & Laing

West Bruce & Laing were an English–American super-trio comprised of ex-Cream bassist and vocalist Jack Bruce and the guitarist and drummer of Mountain, Leslie West and Corky Laing. They released two studio albums and a live disc on Columbia/Windfall between 1972 and 1974. Members: Leslie West (guitar, vocals, dobro), Jack Bruce (bass, organ, synthesizer, guitar, […]

Woody Kern

Woody Kern was an English blues-rock/psych band that released the album The Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk on Pye Records in 1968. Members: Steve Harris (drums), Mike Wheat (bass), John Sanderson (tenor saxophone, flute, violin), Rik Kenton (guitar, keyboards) Woody Kern debuted with “Biography” (b/w “Tell You When I’m Gone”), released in December 1968 on […]

Dave Mason

Dave Mason is an English singer-songwriter who emerged as the guitarist of Traffic during the late 1960s. He wrote 10 songs for the band, including “Hole In My Shoe,” “Feelin’ Alright,” and “Vagabond Virgin.” As a solo artist, he released three albums on Blues Thumb and six on Columbia between 1970 and 1980. His 1977 […]


Justine were an English folk-pop band from London that released a standalone single on Paramount division Dot in 1969, followed by a self-titled album on MCA-subsidiary Uni in 1970. Vocalist Laurie Styvers cut two albums for Warner/Chrysalis between 1971 and 1973. Guitarist John McBurnie appeared in the 1972/73 lineup of Jackson Heights and later formed […]

Juicy Lucy

Juicy Lucy were an English blues-rock band from London that released two albums on Vertigo circa 1969/70, followed by an album apeice on Bronze and Polydor between 1971 and 1972. Members: Ray Owen (vocals, 1969-70), Glenn Ross Campbell (steel guitar, 1969-72), Chris Mercer (saxophone, 1969-72), Neil Hubbard (guitar, 1969-70), Keith Ellis (bass, 1969-71), Pete Dobson […]

John McLaughlin

John McLaughlin (born Jan. 4, 1942) is an English jazz-rock guitarist from Doncaster, South Yorkshire, active on the international jazz scene since the late 1960s. In 1969, he joined Tony Williams Lifetime for three albums and also appeared on the sessions for Miles Davis‘ seminal electrification releases In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew (1970). […]

Jody Grind

Jody Grind was an English psychedelic organ-rock trio that released the albums One Step On and Far Canal on Transatlantic in 1969/70. Members: Tim Hinkley (organ, keyboards), Ivan Zagni (guitar, 1968-69), Martyn Harryman (drums, 1968-69), Barry Wilson (drums, 1969), Pete Gavin (drums, 1969-70), Bernie Holland (guitar, bass, vocals, 1969-?), Louis Cennamo (bass) Background Jody Grind […]


Jigsaw was an English pop-rock band from Coventry that released a trio of singles on MGM/Music Factory in 1968, followed by two albums on Philips between 1970 and 1972, a second pair of albums on BASF in 1973/74, and a further trio of longplayers on Chelsea and Splash between 1975 and 1978. They are best […]

Jeff Beck

Jeff Beck (1944–2023) was an English rock guitarist who emerged as the lead soloist in the Yardbirds during the mid-1960s. In 1968, he formed the first edition of the Jeff Beck Group with vocalist Rod Stewart and bassist Ron Wood, releasing two albums on Columbia in 1968 and 1969. In 1971, Beck formed a second […]

Hal Galper

Hal Galper (born April 18, 1938) is an American post-bop pianist from Salem, Mass., who released three albums on Mainstream Records in 1972/73, followed by albums on SteepleChase and enja during the second half of the decade. His playing is heard on ’60s/’70s-era albums by Chet Baker, Sam Rivers, Randy Brecker, Pete Yellin, Nat Adderley, […]

Dave Pike

Dave Pike (March 23, 1938 — Oct. 4, 2015) was an American cool-jazz vibraphonist from Detroit who played with Paul Bley and the Jazz Couriers during the late 1950s. In 1961, Pike debuted as a bandleader with an album on Riverside Records, followed by albums on New Jazz, Moodsville, and Atlantic. In 1968, he assembled […]

Frijid Pink

Frijid Pink was an American hard-rock band from Detroit that released the 1970 albums Frijid Pink and Defrosted on Parrot, scoring a No. 7 Billboard hit with a fuzzed-up cover of “House of the Rising Sun,” first made famous by The Animals. Bassist Tom Harris and drummer Rick Stevers were the only constant members through […]

Colin Scot

Colin Scot (1941–1999) was an English–Canadian singer–songwriter released a self-titled album in 1971 on United Artists, recorded with members of Yes, Genesis, King Crimson, and Van Der Graaf Generator. On Warner Bros., he released the 1973/74 albums Just Another Clown and Out of the Blue. Scot was born Colin Thistlewaite on March 17, 1941, in […]

Brinsley Schwarz

Brinsley Schwarz was an English rustic-rock band that released six albums on UA/Liberty between 1970 and 1974. They were named after their guitarist who, along with keyboardist Bob Andrews, later formed The Rumour, the backing band of Graham Parker. Bassist Nick Lowe became an in-demand producer and recording artist. Members: Brinsley Schwarz (guitar, percussion, saxophone, […]


Jade was an English folk-rock trio that released the album Fly On Strangewings on DJM in 1970. Members: Marian Segal [Marianne Segal] (vocals, guitar, percussion), Dave Waite (guitar, bass, vocals), Rod Edwards (keyboards, bass, vocals) Formation Jade formed in Westminster in 1970 when singing guitarists Marianne Segal and Dave Waite, a folk duo since the […]

Jackson Heights

Jackson Heights was an English band that issued the folk-rock album King Progress on Charisma in 1970. After a lineup change, they moved to Vertigo for the 1972/73 albums The Fifth Avenue Bus, Ragamuffins Fool, and Bump ‘n’ Grind, the latter two influenced by ragtime and music hall. They were one of three bands — […]


Yaqui were an American Latin-rock band from Los Angeles that released a self-titled album on Playboy Records in 1973. Percussionist Rudy Regalado recorded multiple albums during the period with El Chicano and later resurfaced in the Zawinul Syndicate. Guitarist Ronnie Reyes and bassist Art Sanchez hailed from psych-rockers Strange Brew. Members: George Ochoa (vocals), Eddie […]


Estus were an American hard-rock band that released a self-titled album on Columbia in 1973. The album was produced by former Rolling Stones manager Andrew Loog Oldham, whose contemporary stateside credits include recordings by Sunday Funnies and Brett Smiley. Drummer Marc Bell hailed from Dust and later surfaced in Richard Hell and the Voidoids. Guitarist/keyboardist […]


Afrique were a studio-funk band assembled in Los Angeles by mostly American musicians for the album Soul Makossa on Mainstream Records in 1973. The project was intended to capitalize on the ubiquity of the album’s title-track, made popular months earlier by Cameroonian saxophonist Manu Dibango. Members: David T. Walker (guitar), Arthur Wright (guitar), Charles Kynard […]

Buckingham Nicks

Buckingham Nicks were an American folk-pop duo from California that released a self-titled album on Polydor in 1973. The duo consisted of guitarist/vocalist/songwriter Lindsey Buckingham and singer/songwriter Stevie Nicks. A year after the album’s release, the pair joined Fleetwood Mac. Members: Lindsey Buckingham (vocals, guitar, bass, percussion), Stevie Nicks (vocals) Discography: Buckingham Nicks (1973)