West Wing

West Wing was an American soul group that released a self-titled album on 20th Century in 1975, produced by Barry White. Members: – West Wing was one of several mid-’70s projects overseen by musician and producer Barry White (Love Unlimited, Love Unlimited Orchestra, Tom Brock, White Heat). In 1973, he produced the foursome’s standalone single […]


Aalon were an American soul-funk band from Los Angeles that released the album Cream City on Arista in 1977. Namesake frontman/guitarist Aalon Butler hailed from the Eric Burdon Band. Members: Aalon Butler (guitar, vocals), Alvin Taylor (drums), Ron Hammond (drums), Al Roberts (bass), Luther Rabb (bass), Luis Cabaza (keyboards) Aalon William Butler (born Sept. 17, […]

Timeless Legend

Timeless Legend were an American soul group from Columbus, Ohio, that released sporadic singles on the small-press labels of manager/producer Carl Fagain. Their one album, Synchronized, appeared on lone-press Pendulum Records in 1976. Members: Butch Johnson, Allen B. Burney, Jackie Hogg, Donald Harmon, Michael Harmon Timeless Legend were discovered by Carl Fagain, who first recorded […]

Odyssey 5

Odyssey 5 were an American soul group that released the album First Time Around on BRC in 1975. Members: Carlotta Samuels, Catherine Rice, Glenda Wharton, Jackie Sinclair, Linda McCrae, Sylvania Wilson Odyssey 5 released their singular album, First Time Around, in 1975 on Brunswick-subsidiary BRC, which issued contemporary recordings by Exit 9 and The Eliminators. […]


Silk were an American soul trio that released two albums on Prelude Records in 1977. (Not to be confused with the seven-piece soul-funk Silk that evolved out of Anglo-Saxon Brown.) Members: Maurice Jackson, Eric Thomas, Arthur Reid Silk were formed in Los Angeles in 1976 by Chicago-born vocalist and songwriter Maurice Jackson. Singers Eric Thomas […]

Black Ivory

Black Ivory were an American soul trio from Manhattan that released two albums on Today Records in 1971/72, followed by three albums on Buddah between 1975 and 1979. The original group consisted of vocalists Russell Patterson, Stuart Bascombe, and Leroy Burgess. Their first two albums were recorded under the auspices of producer Patrick Adams. Members: […]


The Tavares were an American soul group from New Bedford, Mass., that released 10 albums on Capitol between 1974 and 1981, followed by a pair of titles on RCA in 1982/83. The group scored crossover hits with covers of songs by Hall & Oates (“She’s Gone”) and the Edgar Winter Group (“Free Ride”). In 1976, […]

New Love Ltd

New Love Ltd was an American soul trio that sang on the 1978 album So Much to Talk About (Tudo Bem), recorded in São Paulo with funk sextet Interstate 95 and released on Brazilian small-press Giant Records. Two of the singers partook in the subsequent Ingram offshoot Philly Cream. Members: Robert Dunston (Jamil Ali Faraqan), […]

Ike & Tina Turner

Ike & Tina Turner were the R&B/soul-rock duo of American guitarist/bandleader Ike Turner and his then-wife, singer Tina Turner. They came together in the late 1950s when Ike hired Tina as a backing vocalist for his band, the Kings of Rhythm. She first sang lead on the 1960 Sue Records single “A Fool In Love,” […]

Retta Young

Retta Young is an American soul singer who was active between the late-1960s and late-1970s. Following a string of shortplayers with The Superbs and The Devotions, she issued a trio of singles and one album under her own name during the mid-1970s. Signed to Sylvia Robinson‘s All Platinum label in 1975, Young hit pay-dirt with […]

Rickie Boger

Rickie Boger is an American soul singer and songwriter who was active in the mid-1970s. Signed to Muse Records and equipped with the label’s formidable jazz/blues session players, she released the album Slow Down, Baby in 1976. With bass-emphasized fourth notes over a modest Gmaj–Amin progression, “Do You Like My Song?” finds Boger humble yet […]

Norma Jenkins

Norma Jenkins is an American soul singer who was active between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s. She first appeared as the frontwoman for Norma Jenkins and the Dolls on the single “The Airplane Song,” released in 1966 on Detroit’s Maltese label. Several more singles followed on various labels over the next seven years. Contracted to Buddah […]

Weapons of Peace

Weapons of Peace were an American soul/funk quintet active during the mid 1970s. The band released a lone, self-titled album on Playboy Records in 1976. Members: Finis Henderson (lead vocal, percussion), Andrew Hardy (guitar, backing vocals), David Johnson (bass, backing vocals), Lonnell Dantzler (keyboards), Bill Leathers (drums) Across the album’s eight songs, Weapons of Peace […]

Patrick Gammon

Patrick Gammon (Jan. 15, 1956 — Oct. 28, 1996) was an American R&B singer, born in Seattle but based for most of his career in Munich, Germany. In 1978, he released the album Rawness on the German Gammarock label (issued on French Mercury as Effervescence.) His 1979 release, Don’t Touch Me , was issued stateside […]

Mary Wells

Mary Wells (May 13, 1943 — July 26, 1992) was an American soul singer who was part of the original Motown roster along with The Supremes, Martha & the Vandellas, the Four Tops, and The Temptations. She scored one of the biggest hits of 1964 with “My Guy,” written by Smokey Robinson of The Miracles. […]

Percy Sledge

Percy Sledge (Nov. 25, 1940 — April 14, 2015) was an American soul singer who released 10 albums on Atlantic between 1966 and 1971, delivering a romantic evergreen with the gospelly “When a Man Loves a Woman,” one of the biggest hits of the 1960s. His other hits include “Warm and Tender Love,” “It Tears […]

Otis Redding

Otis Redding (Sept. 9, 1941 — Dec. 10, 1967) was an American soul singer who issued a string of singles on Stax-subsidiary Volt between 1962 and 1965, including “These Arms of Mine” and the original “Respect” (later made famous by Aretha Franklin). Over the ensuing two-year period, he recorded multiple albums for the label, charting […]

Solomon Burke

Solomon Burke (March 21, 1940 – Oct. 10, 2010) was an American soul singer who issued a string of singles on Apollo during the late 1950s, culminating with a 1962 self-titled album. Signed to Atlantic, he issued dozens of singles and four albums during the 1960s, scoring hits with “Just Out of Reach (of My […]

The Dells

The Dells were an American soul group, formed in 1952 in Harvey, Ill. Signed to Vee Jay Records, they issued numerous doo-wop singles during the second half of the 1950s, scoring a hit in 1956 with “Oh, What a Night.” During the early ’60s, they issued singles on Argo and Oldies 45. Moving to Chess-subsidiary […]

Etta James

Etta James (Jan. 25, 1938 — Jan. 20, 2012) was an American soul singer who cut a string of singles for Modern Records during the mid-1950s, charting with “The Wallflower.” Between 1960 and 1970, she released 10 albums on the Chess subsidiaries Argo and Cadet, scoring hits with “At Last,” “Tell Mama,” “Something’s Got a […]

Wilson Pickett

Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – Jan. 19, 2006) was an American soul singer who released 10 albums on Atlantic between 1965 and 1971, scoring hits with “In the Midnight Hour,” “Land of 1,000 Dances,” “Mustang Sally,” and “Funky Broadway.” During the 1970s, he released five soul-funk albums on RCA Victor. Pickett was born in […]

Martha and the Vandellas

Martha and the Vandellas were an American soul-pop trio from Detroit, signed to the Gordy division of Motown. Between 1963 and 1972, they released eight proper albums and numerous singles, scoring hits with “Heat Wave,” “Jimmy Mack,” “Nowhere to Run,” and the much-covered AM evergreen “Dancing In the Street.” Members: Martha Reeves (lead vocals), Rosalind […]

Clarence Carter

Clarence Carter (born Jan. 14, 1936) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, and guitarist from Montgomery, Ala., who first recorded in the C&C Boys with fellow blind singer Calvin Scott, issuing multiple singles on Fairlane and Duke in the early 1960s. As a solo singer, Carter cut three 1966/67 singles on soul-press Fame, followed by […]

Edwin Starr

Edwin Starr (Jan. 21, 1942 — April 2, 2003) was an American soul singer from Nashville who released a string of 1965–67 singles on Detroit soul-press Ric-Tic Records. After Motown’s purchase of that label, he issued four proper albums and assorted singles on Tamla and Gordy, hitting big with the 1970 anti-war shouter “War.” Discography: […]

Major Harris

Major Harris (Feb. 9, 1947 — Nov. 9, 2012) was an American soul singer from Richmond, Va., who was part of the Nat Turner Rebellion during the late 1960s. Between 1971 and 1975, he sang with Philly act The Delfonics. As a solo artist (1974–78), he released two albums on Atlantic and a third on […]

Tamiko Jones

Tamiko Jones — aka Barbara Tamiko Ferguson (born 1945) — is an American soul singer from Kyle, W.V., who released four albums on Atlantic, A&M, December, and Metromedia between 1967 and 1970. She reemerged in 1975 with the album Love Trip on Arista, followed by Cloudy on Atlantis Records in 1977. Discography: A Mann & […]

The Whispers

The Whispers were an American soul group from Watts, Calif., formed in 1964. A four-year run of singles on Dore preceded the group’s self-titled album on Soul Clock in 1969. The group released three albums on Janus between 1972 and 1974, followed by a pair of albums on Soul Train in 1976 and 1977. The […]

The Waters

The Waters were an American soul group comprised of the surnamesake brother/sister singing clan. The group released a self-titled album on Blue Note in 1975, followed by a second eponymous album on Warner Bros. in 1977. A third album appeared on Arista in 1980. Members: Julia Waters, Luther Waters, Oren Waters, Maxine Waters Discography: Waters […]

The Undisputed Truth

The Undisputed Truth were an American soul-psych group from Detroit, formed in 1970. The group released six albums on Motown’s Gordy imprint between 1971 and 1975, followed by two further albums on producer Norman Whitfield’s surnamesake label during the second half of the decade. Members: Joe Harris (lead vocals), Billie Rae Calvin (lead vocals, 1970-74), […]

The Trammps

The Trammps were an American soul group from Philadelphia, formed in 1972. Early on, the group released a string of singles later compiled on the 1975 Buddah release The Legendary Zing Album. In 1975, the group released a self-titled album on Golden Fleece, followed by six albums on Atlantic between 1976 and 1980. The members […]

The Supremes

The Supremes were an American soul-pop trio from Detroit, formed in 1961. Their classic lineup featured singers Mary Wilson, Florence Ballard, and frontwoman Diana Ross, who all grew up on the city’s east side. Signed to Motown, The Supremes were part of that label’s classic roster of chart-topping sixties artists, along with the Four Tops, […]

The Stylistics

The Stylistics were an American soul group from Philadelphia, formed in 1966. The group released seven albums on Avco between 1971 and 1975, followed by five albums on H&L during the second half of the decade. Members: Airrion Love (tenor vocals, lead vocals), Herbert “Herbie” Murrell (baritone vocals, lead vocals), Russell Thompkins Jr. (lead vocals, […]

The Pointer Sisters

The Pointer Sisters were an American soul-pop group from Oakland, formed in 1969 by sisters Anita, June, and Bonnie Pointer. Starting life as a retro-1940s cabaret act, the sisters released four albums and a live disc on Blue Thumb/ABC between 1973 and 1977. Switching to contemporary soul-pop, the Pointer Sisters released six albums on Richard […]

The Montclairs

The Montclairs were an American soul group from East St. Louis, Ill., that released the album Dreaming Out of Season on Paula Records in 1972, followed by a sting of singles on the label over the subsequent two years. Members: Phil Perry, David Frye, George McLellan, Kevin Sanlin, Clifford Williams Discography: Dreaming Out of Season […]

The Moments

The Moments were an American soul trio from Washington, D.C., formed in 1965. Signed to Sylvia Robinson‘s All Platinum-subsidiary Stang Records, the group released 10 albums on the label between 1969 and 1978. In 1979, they dropped the Moments moniker and issued subsequent albums under their collective surnames: Ray, Goodman & Brown. Members: John Morgan […]

The Impressions

The Impressions were an American soul group from Chicago, formed in 1958 and initially a singles act for Abner. Between 1963 and 1968, the band released a string of albums on ABC-Paramount, followed by a run of titles on Curtom over the subsequent eight-year period. Members: Sam Gooden (vocals), Jerry Butler (vocals, 1958-60), Curtis Mayfield […]

The Dynamic Superiors

The Dynamic Superiors were an American soul group from Washington, D.C., that released four albums on Tamla/Motown between 1975 and 1977. Members: George Spann (first tenor vocals), Tony Washington (lead vocals, 1963-80), Maurice Washington (bass vocals, 1963-80), George Wesley Peterback, Jr. (second tenor vocals, 1963-80), Michael McCalpin (baritone vocals, 1963-80) Discography: The Dynamic Superiors (1975) […]

The Delfonics

The Delfonics were an American soul group from Philadelphia, formed in 1965 and initially a singles act on Moon Shot and Cameo. Between 1968 and 1974, the group released five albums on Philly Groove Records. Members: William Hart (lead vocals, guitar), Wilbert Hart (vocals, 1965-75, 1980-85), Randy Cain (vocals, 1965-71, 1980-95), Ritchie Daniels (vocals, 1965-68), […]

The Chi-Lites

The Chi-Lites were an American soul group from Chicago, formed in 1959. After a string of 1965–68 singles on Blue Rock and Revue, the group released eight albums on Brunswick between 1969 and 1975. Members: Marshall Thompson (baritone vocals, lead vocals), Robert Lester (tenor vocals, 1959-2010), Eugene Record (lead vocals, 1959-76, 1980-88), Clarence Johnson (vocals, […]

Táta Vega

Táta Vega (born Oct. 7, 1951) is an American soul singer from N.Y.C. who sang in the bands Pollution, Earthquire, and the Andrae Crouch Singers during the early 1970s. She released four albums on Tamla between 1976 and 1980. Discography: Full Speed Ahead (1976) Totally Táta (1977) Try My Love (1978) Givin’ All My Love […]


Syreeta Wright (Aug. 3, 1946 — July 6, 2004) was an American soul singer and songwriter who debuted with a self-titled album produced and arranged by then-husband Stevie Wonder, released in 1972 on MoWest. Despite divorcing, their partnership yielded a second album on Motown in 1974, after which she released four more solo albums on […]

Stevie Wonder

Stevie Wonder is an American R&B musician, vocalist, songwriter, and producer who began recording for Tamla/Motown in 1962 at age 12. During the mid-to-late 1960s, he scored a string of pop hits for the label, culminating with the decade-ending ballad “My Cherie Amour” and 1970’s “Signed, Sealed, Delivered I’m Yours.” Upon turning 21, he gained […]


Smoke was an American soul group from Kansas City, Mo., that released the album Risin’ on local-press J.Bridge Records in 1976. Members: Ernest Malone, Arthur Malone, Melvin Manning, Larry Brown Smoke coalesced when Kansas City brothers Ernest and Arthur Malone teamed with singers Larry Brown and Melvin Manning. Brown sang backing vocals on the 1975 […]

Side Effect

Side Effect were an American soul group from Los Angeles, formed in 1972. The group debuted with an album on Canada’s G.A.S. Records in 1973, followed by four albums on Fantasy between 1975 and 1978. A further trio of titles appeared on Elektra during the early 1980s. Members: Augie Johnson (1972-2014), Louis Patton, Gregory Matta, […]

Sharon Redd

Sharon Redd (Oct. 19, 1945 — May 1, 1992) was an American soul-funk singer from Norfolk, Va., who sang in Bette Midler’s backing trio The Harlettes during the 1970s and released three albums on Prelude between 1980 and 1983. Discography: Formerly of The Harlettes (1978 • Sharon Redd, Ula Hedwig & Charlotte Crossley) Sharon Redd […]


Shalamar was an American soul-funk vocal trio from N.Y.C. that debuted with an album on Don Cornelius’ Soul Train imprint in 1977, followed by 10 further albums on parent-label Solar between 1978 and 1990. Co-founder Jody Watley left the group in 1983 and scored several solo hits in the late 1980s. Members: Gary Mumford (lead […]

Roberta Flack

Roberta Flack (born Feb. 10, 1937) is an American soul singer and pianist from Black Mountain, N.C., that released seven studio albums and two collaborative efforts with vocalist Donny Hathaway on Atlantic between 1969 and 1979. Another five albums appeared on the label over the subsequent 15-year period, including one of two collaborative efforts with […]

René & Angela

René & Angela were an American soul-funk duo from Los Angeles, formed in 1977 by René Moore and Angela Winbush, who both sang and played keyboards. The band released three albums on Capitol between 1980 and 1983, followed by a fourth on Mercury in 1985. Members: René Moore, Angela Winbush Discography: René & Angela (1980) […]

New Birth

New Birth was an American soul-psych ensemble that released seven albums on RCA Victor between 1970 and 1976, plus two albums on Warner Bros. and a title apiece on Buddah and Ariola during the second half of the decade. They formed through a merger of three entities: male vocal quartet The Now Sound, female vocal […]

Narada Michael Walden

Narada Michael Walden (born April 23, 1952) is an American jazz-funk/soul musician and producer who drummed in the second lineup of the Mahavishnu Orchestra, playing on the 1974/75 albums Apocalypse and Visions of the Emerald Beyond. In 1976, he played on jazz-rock albums by Weather Report, Jaco Pastorius, Jeff Beck, Allan Holdsworth, and Nova. As […]