Sixty-Nine was a German hard-rock/psych duo that released the album Circle of the Crayfish on Philips in 1972, followed by a live double-LP of all-new material on the label in 1974. Members: Armin Stöwe (organ, piano, synthesizer, guitar, vocals), Roland Schupp (drums, percussion) Background Sixty-Nine formed in 1969 when multi-instrumentalist Armin Stöwe teamed with drummer […]

I Drive

I Drive was an English post-psych band, formed in Greater Manchester and based in Germany. They released the 1969 two-sided single “Classical Rigby” with (future Twenty Sixty Six and Then) singer Geff Harrison, followed by a 1972 eponymous album on the Krautrock label Metronome. After their breakup, guitarist–singer “Cheese” Hampson and bassist Leslie Graham carried […]


Epidermis was a German symphonic/art-rock band that released the album Genius of Original Force on Kerston in 1977. Two further albums appeared between 1982 and 1990. Members: Michael Kurz (keyboards, vocals), Rolf Lonz (guitar, vocals), Reiner Neeb (drums, vocals), Wolfgang Wünsche (bass, vocals) Epidermis hailed from Wiesbaden, Hessen, with members who’d played together as early […]


Cravinkel was a German blues-rock/pop band that released two albums and a standalone single on Philips in 1970 and 1971. Members: Gert Krawinkel (guitar, percussion), Rolf Kaiser (vocals, bass), George B. Haupt (drums), Klaus George Meier (guitar, vocals, percussion), Achim Brierley (drums) Cravinkel formed in 1969 Wilhelmshaven, their name spun from the surname of guitarist […]


Chameleon were a German jazz-rock band that released a self-titled album on Blubber Lips in 1979. Members: Knut Rössler (tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone, flute, lyricon), Joachim Essig (piano, synthesizer, ARP Solina string ensemble), Roland Herbe (bass, piccolo), Ralph Dietze (drums) Chameleon assembled near Mannheim in the late 1970s. Saxophonist Knut Rössler hailed from Night Sun. […]

Carol of Harvest

Carol of Harvest was a German symphonic-folk band that released a self-titled album on Brutkasten in 1978. Members: Axel Schmierer (composer, guitar, keyboards, programming), Beate Krause (vocals, 1976-78), Jürgen Kolb (keyboards, 1976-78), Heinz Reinschlüssel (bass, 1976-78), Robert Högn (drums, 1976-78), Ewa Grams (vocals, 2007-present) Carol of Harvest was formed in late ’70s Fürth, Franconia, by […]


Abacus was a German art-rock band that released four albums and three singles on Polydor/Zebra between 1971 and 1973. Members: Hans Rolf Schade (guitar, percussion, sitar, vocals), Felix Hans (drums, percussion, vocals), Chris Williams (vocals, guitar), Klaus Kohlhase (bass, percussion, harmonica), Chris Barutzky (piano, organ), Jürgen Wimpelberg (keyboards, vocals, guitar), Norbert Leifert (keyboards, vocals, flute), […]


Bakmak were a German jazz-rock band that released two albums on NOVA and Strand between 1976 and 1978. Members: Christian Lüdeke (guitar), Peter Dörnenburg (drums, percussion), Frank Lüdeke (soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, percussion), Eckard Lüdeke (bass, 12-string guitar), Reinhold Heil (piano, organ, synthesizer) Bakmak were formed in 1973 Berlin by the Lüdeke brothers: guitarist Christian […]

Ardo Dombec

Ardo Dombec were a German jazz-rock band that released a self-titled album on Pilz in 1971. Members: Helmut Hachmann (saxophone, flute), Harald Gleu (guitar, vocals), Wolfgang Spillner (drums, vocals), Michael Ufer (bass) Ardo Dombec assembled in Hamburg in 1970, inspired by UK brass/woodwind-rock acts like Galliard, If, Diabolus, and The Greatest Show on Earth. None […]


Andromeda was a German organ-rock/psych band that released a self-titled album on Vogue in 1970. Members: Peter Schild (Hammond organ, piano), Tony Hendrik (guitar), Gerry Fleming (bass), Günter Steinborn (drums) Andromeda centered on the duo of keyboardist Peter Schild and drummer Günter Steinborn, both members of Cologne beatsters The Tony Hendrik Five. Hemdrik himself played […]


Epidaurus was a German symphonic-rock band that self-released the album Earthly Paradise in 1977. Three of the members later regrouped in the band Choice. Members: Christiane Wand (vocals), Heinz Kunert (bass, percussion), Manfred Struck (drums, percussion), Volker Oehmig (drums, percussion), Günther Henne (Hammond organ, Mellotron, piano), Gerd Linke (Hammond organ, Mellotron, piano, synthesizer) Background Epidaurus […]


Odin was an English-European hard-rock/psych band based in Gaukönigshofen, Bayern, Germany, that released a self-titled album on Vertigo in 1972. Members: Jeff Beer (keyboards, percussion, vibraphone, vocals), Rob Terstall (guitar, vocal), Ray Brown (bass, vocals), Stuart Fordham (drums, percussion) Odin was formed in 1971 by German keyboardist and percussionist Jeff Beer, Dutch guitarist Rob Terstall, […]


Cornucopia was a German symphonic-psych band that released the album Full Horn on Brain in 1973. Members: Wolfgang Kause (vocals), Wolfgang Bartl (bass, vocals), Christoph Hardwig (keyboards, guitar, vocals), Wolfgang Gaudes (drums, percussion, 12-string guitar), Kai Henrik Möller (guitar, vocals), Harry Koch (effects, percussion, vocals), Rudy Holzhauer (percussion) Cornucopia formed in Hamburg in 1972. None […]


Altona was a German jazz-rock/funk band from Hamburg that released two albums on RCA Victor in 1975. Guitarist Werner von Gosen hailed from the classical/jazz-rock band Thrice Mice. Members: Fritz Kahl (bass, guitar), Karl-Heinz Blumenberg (vocals, bass saxophone, soprano saxophone, bass), Klaus Gerlach (guitar), Wolfgang Wulff (tenor saxophone, percussion), Hans-Heinz Gossler (drums, percussion), Werner von […]

Slapp Happy

Slapp Happy was a multi-national art-pop trio, formed in Hamburg, Germany, in 1972 by American singer/songwriter Peter Blegvad, English avant-garde musician Anthony Moore, and German cabaret singer Dagmar Krause. They debuted with a UK/German release on Polydor, followed in 1974 by Casablanca Moon on Virgin. In 1975, Virgin paired them with avant-rockers Henry Cow for […]


Frob were a German instrumental quartet that was active during the mid-1970s. Formed in 1973, the band gigged around their Rheda-Wiedenbrück homebase for several years and issued a self-titled longplayer on the Musikladen label in 1976. Members: Philippe Caillat (guitar), Peter Schmits (keyboards), Klaus-Dieter Richter (bass), Peter Meuffels (drums) A mostly high-paced affair, the album […]

Missing Link

Missing Link were a German jazz-rock sextet from Munich that released the album Nevergreen! on United Artists in 1972. Members: Markus Sing (guitar), Günther Latuschik (saxophone), Gabriel Dominik Mueller (vocals), Dieter Miekautsch (keyboards), Dave Schratzenstaller (bass), Holger Brandt (drums) The comic, colorful cover art of the band’s sole release animates the virtuosic energy of the […]

Guru Guru

Guru Guru is a German space-rock band that released two albums on Ohr in 1970 and 1971, followed by eighth titles through the remainder of the ’70s on Atlantic and Brain. More than 20 further titles appeared over the subsequent four decades. Members: Mani Neumeier (drums, percussion, vocals), Uli Trepte (bass, 1968-73), Hans Sax (vocals, […]


Iskander were a German symphonic-rock band that released the album Bohème 2000 on Herkules in 1982. Two further albums appeared on Iron Curtain between 1987 and 1990. Members: Peter Tassius (piano, 1974-78), Gabi Stolz [Gabriele Knüppel] (organ, flute, 1974-81) Klaus-Jürgen Knüppel (synthesizer, electric piano, flute, acoustic guitar, vocals), Hajo Kann (drums, percussion), Ulrich Mennenöh (bass, […]

Harald Grosskopf

Harald Grosskopf (born Oct. 23, 1949) is a German drummer and keyboardist who played in the bands Ash Ra Tempel, The Cosmic Jokers, and Wallenstein during the 1970s. In 1980, he debuted as a solo artist with the electronic album Synthesist, released on Sky Records. Discography: Synthesist (1980) Oceanheart (1986) Characters (1991 • Kistenmacher / […]


Ivory were a German symphonic-rock band that released the album Sad Cypress on Jupiter in 1979. Members: Christian Mayer (vocals, guitar), Ulrich Sommerlatte (keyboards), Thomas Sommerlatte (keyboards), Goddie Daum (guitar), Charly Stechl (bass, flute), Frederik Rittmüller (drums), Thomas Carl (drums) Discography: Sad Cypress (1979)


Information were a German/American jazz-rock super-trio that released a self-titled album on RCA Victor in 1981. Members: Joachim Kühn (piano, synthesizer, alto saxophone), George Kochbek [aka Jürgen Kochbek] (Moog, keyboards, vocals), Mark Nauseef (percussion) Discography: Information (1981)


Ikarus were a German art-rock/psych band that released a self-titled album on the +plus+ label in 1971. Members: Lorenz Köhler (lead vocals), Wolfgang Kracht (bass, backing vocals), Jochen Petersen (acoustic guitar, electric guitar, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, flute, clarinet, backing vocals), Bernd Schröder (drums, percussion), Wulf-Dieter Struntz (organ, piano), Manfred Schulz (guitar, vocals) Discography: Ikarus […]


Ibliss were a German jazz-rock/psych band that released the album Supernova on Spiegelei in 1972. Members: Rainer Buechel (saxophone, flute), Wolfgang Buellmeyer (guitar, percussion), Norbert Buellmeyer (bass, percussion), Andreas Homann [Andreas Hohmann] (drums, percussion), Basil Hammoudi (percussion, flute, vocals) Discography: Supernova (1972)


Humus were a German jazz-rock band that released the album Offshore on Pläne in 1976. Twelve years later, saxist/bandleader Rüdiger Schulz resurrected the nameplate for the self-pressed album Chess Music. Members: Rüdiger Schulz (tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone), Otmar Desch (electric piano, synthesizer), Ede Brumund-Rüther (bass), Gernot Meyer (drums) Discography: Offshore (1976) Chess Music (1988)


Hoelderlin — originally spelled Hölderlin — were a German super-band from Wuppertal, Nordrhein-Westfalen, formed in 1970. In 1972, the band debuted with a folk-psych album under the umlauted nameplate on Pilz. Between 1975 and 1981, a symphonic/art-rock incarnation of the band released five studio albums and a live double-LP on Spiegelei. Members: Nanny de Ruig […]


Herrgottsax were a German jazz-rock band that released the album Siebold Seiergesicht’s Sündige Saxofone on Eigelstein in 1981. Members: Bernd Konrad (saxophone), Büdi Siebert (saxophone, flute, marimba, vocals), Klaus Osterich (trumpet, flugelhorn), Uli Gutscher (trombone), Martin Schrack (keyboards), Wolfgang Dauner (piano), Helmut Weber (piano), Thomas Robenschlag (piano, synthesizer), Capo Mayer (bass), Horst Götz (bass), Albert […]

Holde Fee

Holde Fee were a German jazz-rock/funk band that self-released a standalone single and the album Malaga in 1974. Members: Lothar Brandes (keyboards), Reinhard Lewitzki (drums), Thomas Ruhstorfer (vocals, percussion), Gerhard Reulecke (bass), Hartmut Frenk (guitar), Andreas Becker (guitar), Heike Brinkmann (vocals) Discography: Malaga (1974) “Did You Ever Wonder Why” / “Come and Lead My Mind” […]


Helloween were a German heavy metal band that released three albums and an EP on Noise International between 1985 and 1988. More than 15 live and studio albums have appeared in the decades since on EMI, RCA, Sony and the specialty labels Castle, Raw Power, Nuclear Blast, and Steamhammer. Members: Michael Weikath (guitar), Markus Grosskopf […]


Headband were a German jazz-rock band that released three albums on Pläne and veraBra between 1979 and 1982. Members: Norbert Stein (saxophone), Jan Reimer (guitar, congas), Michael Herting (keyboards, vocals), Cläusel Quitschau (bass, percussion), Man Breuer (drums, percussion), Manfred von Bohr (drums) Discography: Straight Ahead! (1979) Suntalk (1980) Fette Brühe (1982)

Head, Heart & Hands

Head, Heart & Hands were a German jazz-rock band that debuted with the 1976 Vertigo release Libra, recorded in collaboration with American saxophonist Bobby Stern. In 1978, the band issued a self-titled album on Metronome, followed in 1980 by the Mood Records release Flor di Anglo. Members: Bobby Stern, Elmer Louis, Geoff Stradling, Guillermo Marchena, […]


Hanuman were a German art-rock/psych band that released a self-titled album on Kuckuck in 1971. Members: Wolf-Rüdiger Uhlig (organ, piano, vocals), Peter Barth (flute, alto saxophone, vocals), Jörg Hahnfeld (bass), Thomas Holm (drums) Discography: Hanuman (1971)


Zarathustra were a German symphonic/art-rock band that self-released the album Also Spielt in 1982. Members: Matthias Kamm (organ, piano, synthesizer, clavinet), Thomas Launhardt (guitar, synthesizer), Andreas “Andi” Kupfer (drums), Jürgen Rindfuss (bass, 1980-81), Dieter Müller (bass, 1981), Thilo Spenger (vocals, 1981), Thomas F. Weigel [Mäc] (bass, 1981-83), Michael “Migo” Dild (drums, 1981-83), Stefan Muth (vocals, […]


Gravestone were a German hard-rock/metal band that released two albums circa 1979/80 on AVC, followed by three albums on Scratch between 1984 and 1986. Members: Wolfgang Rittner (lead guitar, 1977-79), Rudi Dorner (rhythm guitar, lead guitar, 1977-80), Berti Majdan [aka Jorgoz!] (bass, vocals, 1977-80, 1984-?), Andy Müller (organ, backing vocals, 1977-80), Mike Schmidt (drums, percussion, […]


Grobschnitt was a German symphonic/space-rock band that released eight studio albums and three live sets on Brain between 1972 and 1985. Members: Stefan Danielak (guitar, vocals), Eroc [Joachim Heinz Ehrig] (synthesizer, percussion, drums, vocals, 1972-83), Gerd Otto Kühn (guitar, vocals, 1972-89), Bernhard Uhlemann (bass, flute, percussion, 1972), Hermann Quetting (keyboards, 1972), Axel Harlos (drums, percussion, […]


Gomorrha were a German hard-rock/psych band that released three albums between 1970 and 1972 on Cornet, BASF, and Brain. Members: Helmut Pohl (drums), Eberhard Krietsch (bass, organ, piano, vocals), Ali Claudi (guitar, vocals), Ad Ochel (guitar, vibraphone, vocals), Peter Otten (vocals), Mike Euler (bass) Discography: Gomorrha (1970) Trauma (1971) I Turned to See Whose Voice […]


Zyma were a German symphonic/jazz-rock band that debuted with two songs on the multi-artist Proton 1 compilation, released on Kerston Records in 1975. The band reemerged with the album Thoughts on their own Z-Productions label in 1978, followed by the similarly self-pressed Brave New World in 1979. Members: Karl-Heinz Weiler (drums, 1972-73), Bodo Brandl (bass), […]

Zomby Woof

Zomby Woof were a German symphonic-rock band that released the album Riding on a Tear on Jupiter Records in 1977. Members: Ulrich Herter (vocals, guitar, synthesizer), Heinrich Winter (vocals, guitar, clavinet, 1973-79), Matthias Zumbroich (piano, organ, synthesizer, Mellotron, saxophone), Udo Kreuß (bass), Berthold Mayer [Bea Maier] (drums, percussion, 1976-79), Matthias Seelmann-Eggebert (Hammond organ, 1973-76), Thomas […]


Zebulon were a German symphonic-rock band that released an eponymous album on self-press Pollux Records in 1980. Members: Thomas Krenz (guitar, percussion), Micky Schmidt (drums, percussion), Michael Krenke (bass), Ollie Ernst (keyboards) Discography: Zebulon (1980)


Zarathustra were a German hard-rock/psych band that released a self-titled album on Metronome in 1972. Members: Ernst Herzner (lead vocals), Wolfgang Reimer (guitar, vocals, percussion), Michael Just (bass, vocals), Klaus Werner (organ), Wolfgang Behrmann (drums, percussion) Discography: Zarathustra (1972)


Werwolf were a German symphonic-rock band that self-released the album Creation in 1982. Members: Peter Besting (drums, percussion, vocals), Hartwig Kugoth (guitar, bass, 1970-79), Peter Lorenz (bass, vocals, 1970-78, 2012), Jürgen Göckler (keyboards, organ, piano, backing vocals, 1976-79), Michael Schlimm (saxophone, flute, 1976-79), Ellen Wiederstein (vocals, ?-1979), Gerd Heuel (guitar, vocals, 1979-present), Burkhard Huckestein (bass, […]


You were a German electro/space-rock band released a standalone single and the album Electric Day on Cain circa 1980/81, followed by two albums on Rock City Records between 1982 and 1984. A final album, Laserscape, appeared on Racket in 1986. Members: Ulrich Weber (guitar, gongs), Udo Hanten (synthesizer, loops), Albin Meskes (synthesizer, sequencer, Mellotron), Lhan […]

Xmal Deutschland

Xmal Deutschland were a German goth-rock band that released a pair of three-song singles on Zickzack circa 1981/82, followed by two albums with accompanying singles on 4AD in 1983 and 1984. The band founded small-press Xile for a string of 1986–88 shortplayers and the album Viva, followed by the decade-ending Metronome release Devils. Members: Anja […]

Xhol Caravan

Xhol Caravan were a German jazz-rock/psych band that formed in 1967 as Soul Caravan, releasing an album under that name in a soul/beat vein. In 1969, the rechristened outfit issued Electrip on Hansa Records. Two releases followed in 1971 and 1972 under the truncated nameplate Xhol. Members: Tim Belbe (tenor saxophone), Hansi Fischer (flute, soprano […]

Wolfgang Schlüter

Wolfgang Schlüter (Nov. 12, 1933 — Nov. 12, 2018) was a German malletist who appeared on more than 100 albums, staring in the mid-1950s. During the 1970s, he released solo, combo, and collaborative works on ECM, MPS, and other labels. Discography: Hangover (1977 • Wolfgang Schlüter Combo) Phönix Voran (1978 • Peter Rühmkorf, Michael Naura, […]


Wind were a German folk-rock/psych band that released two albums on +plus+ and CBS in 1971 and 1972. Members: Steve Leistner (vocals, harmonica, flute, percussion), Thomas Leidenberger (guitar, vocals), Andreas Büeler (bass, vocals), Lucian Büeler (organ, piano, vocals, percussion), Lucky Schmidt (drums, percussion, vibraphone, clavinet, piano) Discography: Seasons (1971) Morning (1972)

Tomorrow’s Gift

Tomorrow’s Gift were a German musical collective that released a self-titled, psych-rock double-album on +plus+ in 1970. Three years and a turn toward jazz-rock yielded the sophomoric Goodbye Future on Spiegelei/Aamok in 1973. The band subsequently evolved into the Release Music Orchestra. Members: Ellen Meyer (vocals, ?-1971), Carlo Karges (guitar, percussion, ?-1971), Manfred Rürup (organ), […]


Varis were a German jazz-rock band that self-released an eponymous album in 1979. Members: Ralf Pallmann (acoustic bass, electric bass), Bjorn Gogolf (drums), Karl-Heinz Engelhardt (tenor saxophone, alto saxophone, flute, vocals), Andrey Hiebarolf (guitar), Martin Schalow (electric piano) Discography: Varis (1979)


Uludag were a German ethno/improv band that released the album Mau Mau on Recommended-subsidiary Review Records in 1988. Members: Lothar Reitz (violin), Werner Cee (bass, saz), Peter Hollinger (drums, Jew’s harp, objects), Sabine Schäfer (keyboards), Helmut Bieler-Wendt (violin, [Violectra] electric violin) Discography: Mau Mau (1988)


Tyndall were a German electronic duo that released four albums on Sky Records between 1980 and 1983. Members: Jürgen Krehan (Nik Tyndall), Rudolf Langer Discography: Sonnenlicht (1980) Traumland (1981) Reflexionen (1982) Durch Die Zeiten (1983)


Tyll were a German jazz-rock/psych band that released the album Sexphonie on Kerston in 1975. Members: Michael Scherf (vocals), Ulrike Schempp (vocals), Susanne Schempp (vocals), Det Fonfara (guitar), Achim Bosch (bass), Günter Klinger (drums) Discography: Sexphonie (1975)

Tyburn Tall

Tyburn Tall were a German hard-rock/psych band that self-released an eponymous album in 1972. Members: Werner Gallo (guitar, 1969-72), Gunther Göttsche (keyboards, 1969-71), Hanns Dechant (drums, percussion), Stefan Kowa (bass), Hermann Damiantschitsch (flute, 1970-71), Klaus Fresenius (vocals, percussion, 1971-75, 1996), Reinhard Magin (keyboards, 1971-75, 1996), Pino Cirillo (guitar, 1972-75, 1996) Discography: Tyburn Tall (1972)


Twogether were a German symphonic/jazz-rock duo that released a standalone single and the album A Couple of Times on self-press Victory Records in 1973. Members: Reinhard Fischer (drums, percussion, synthesizer), Klaus Bangert (vocals, organ, piano, synthesizer) Discography: A Couple of Times (1973) “I Was Away Too Long” / “I’ve Found A Love Again” (1973)

The Twins

The Twins were a German synthpop duo that released four albums on Hansa International between 1981 and 1985, followed by a fifth release on CBS in 1987. Members: Ronny Schreinzer (vocals, drum machine, synthesizer, electronic drums, vocoder), Sven Dohrow (synthesizer, computer, sequencer) Discography: Passion Factory (1981) Modern Lifestyle (1982) A Wild Romance (1983) Until the […]

Twenty Sixty Six and Then

Twenty Sixty Six and Then were a German symphonic/hard-rock band that released the album Reflections on the Future on United Artists in 1972. Members: Geff Harrison (vocals), Gagey Mrozeck (guitar), Steve Robinson [Rainer Geyer] (keyboards, vibraphone, synthesizer, Mellotron, vocals), Veit Marvos (keyboards, vibraphone, synthesizer, Mellotron, vocals), Konstantin “Konni” Bommarius (drums), Dieter Bauer (bass), Martin Roscoe […]


Triumvirat was a German symphonic-rock band from Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, that was active for 11 years, starting in 1969. Amid numerous lineup changes, keyboardist Jürgen Fritz was the one constant member. Between 1972 and 1980, the band released seven albums on Harvest. Members: Jürgen Fritz (piano, keyboards), Hans Bathelt (drums, percussion, 1969-76), Werner Frangenberg (bass, 1969-70, […]


Tritonus were a German symphonic-rock band that released two albums on BASF in 1975 and 1976, bookended by two standalone singles on Paradis and Acanta in 1973 and 1977. Members: Peter K. Seiler (keyboards), Ronald Brand (bass, vocals, 1972-77), Rolf-Dieter Schnapka (bass, vocals, 1977-78), Charlie Jöst (drums, percussion, 1972-76), Bruno Perosa (drums, 1973), Bernhard Schuh […]

Tri Atma

Tri Atma were a German ethno-jazz/rock band that released three albums on RCA Victor between 1979 and 1981, followed by three further albums on Erdenklang and Lifestyle between 1982 and 1989. Members: Asim Saha (tabla, dholak, nal, percussion, lead vocals), Jens Fischer (acoustic guitar, percussion, vocals, xylophone), Manfred Flathe (sitar, surbahar, percussion), Herbert Koschmieder (saxophone, […]


Train were a German jazz-rock band that released the album Coo-Coo Out! on JA Tonaufnahmestudio in 1977. Members: Siegmar “Der Schmied” Fetter (soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, flute, percussion), Gert Leuken (electric piano, synthesizer, clarinet), Ronald Geißler (guitar), Michael Harmssen (bass), Ulli Neels (drums, percussion), Reinhard Schiemann (drums), Michael “Mike” Koops (saxophone) Discography: Coo-Coo Out! (1977)

Toto Blanke

Toto Blanke (Sept. 16, 1939 — Oct. 24, 2013) was a German guitarist who played in the ethno-jazz/rock band Association P.C. during the early 1970s. As a bandleader, he headed two albums on Vertigo in 1975 and 1976, followed by a sting of solo and combo releases — several with his backing band Electric Circus […]

Tortilla Flat

Tortilla Flat were a German jazz-rock band that self-released the album Für ein ¾ Stündchen in 1974. Members: Hans Friedrich Basten (drums, glockenspiel), Heribert Schippers (bass), Manfred Herten [Manni Hollaender] (guitar, vocals), Werner Knauber (violin), Hermann Josef Basten (flute, guitar), Franz Brandt (electric piano), Albert Schippers (congas, drums) Discography: Für ein ¾ Stündchen (1974)

Virgin’s Dream

Virgin’s Dream were a German jazz-rock band from Essen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, that released the album Sophisty on ELM records in 1980. The band was concurrently involved in the larger jazz ensemble Noctett. Nine years earlier, three of the members cut a space-psych session that was later released on CD as The X-Tapes. Members: Charly Weißschädel (bass), […]

Volker Kriegel

Volker Kriegel (Dec. 24, 1943 — June 15, 2003) was a German jazz-rock guitarist, composer, and bandleader who released more than a dozen group and solo albums between 1968 and 1987 on MPS, Biton, and Mood Records. Discography: With a Little Help From My Friends (1968) Spectrum (1971) Inside: Missing Link (1972) Lift! (1973) Topical […]


Virgo were a German jazz-rock band that released a self-titled album on Vertigo in 1975, followed by three further albums on Bacillus between 1977 and 1979. Members: Henryk Darlowski (piano), Reinhard Glöder (double bass), Bobby Stern (saxophone, 1975-76), Lothar Scharf (drums, percussion, 1975-76), Wilson de Oliveira (saxophone, 1976-80), Clemens Schuster (drums, 1976-80), Juraj Galan (guitar, […]


Wallenstein was a German symphonic-rock band on Pilz that released the 1971/72 albums Blitzkrieg and Mother Universe. On Kosmische Musik, they released the 1973–75 albums Cosmic Century and Stories, Songs and Symphonies. During the late 1970s, the band issued three albums on RCA, followed by a final pair of recordings for Harvest in the early […]


Snowball were a German jazz-rock/funk band that released three albums on Atlantic and WEA between 1978 and 1980. Members: Roye Albrighton (guitar, vocals), Curt Cress (drums), Dave King (bass), Kristian Schultze (keyboards), Wally Warning (bass, vocals), Eddie Taylor (vocals, saxophone), Roykey Wydh (guitar), Frank Diez (guitar) Discography: Defroster (1978) Cold Heat (1979) Follow the White […]


Tokyo were a German hard-rock band that released two albums on Ariola between 1980 and 1982, followed by two further albums on RCA Victor and Metronome between 1983 and 1985. Members: Ken Taylor (bass, vocals), Fritz Matzka (drums, percussion), Lothar Krell (keyboards, vocals), Robby Musenbichler (guitar, vocals), Klaus Luley (guitar, vocals), Holger Schmidt (guitar, vocals, […]

To Be

To Be were a German jazz-rock band that released a self-titled album on Brain in 1977. Five years later, the band issued a second eponymous album on MMG. Members: Peter Franken (drums, percussion), Claus-Robert Kruse (keyboards), Rolf Köhler (bass), Lemmie Lembrecht (drums, percussion), Peter Weihe (guitar), Manfred Thiers (bass, 1982) Discography: To Be (1977) To […]


Tibet were a German symphonic-rock band that released a standalone single on EYE Records in 1976, followed by a self-titled album on Bellaphon in 1979. Members: Klaus Werthmann (lead vocals), Deff Ballin (keyboards, percussion), Dieter Kumpakischkis (keyboards), Karl-Heinz Hamann (bass, percussion), Fred Teske (drums, percussion, guitar, vocals), Jürgen Krutzsch (guitar, percussion) Discography: “Only Man’s Love” […]

Thirsty Moon

Thirsty Moon was a German jazz-rock band that released four albums on Brain between 1972 and 1976, followed by a standalone single on Boccaccio in 1977 and a final album on Sky in 1981. Members: Norbert Drogies (drums, percussion), Michael Kobs (electric piano, organ), Erwin Noack (congas, percussion), Willi Pape (soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, clarinet, […]


Tau were a German symphonic-rock band that released a self-titled album on Pläne in 1981. Members: Dirk Markus (vocals), Michael Barfuss (keyboards, vocals), Michael Pickerott (guitar, vocals), Fritz Knipper (bass), Helge Bülov (drums, vibraphone) Discography: Tau (1981)


Tanzbär were a German folk-rock band that released two albums on the Nature label between 1977 and 1979. Members: Ernst Käshammer (hurdy gurdy), Marie-Rose (crumhorn, flute, épinette des Vosges), Roswita Konradi (vocals, percussion), Ursula Renner (vocals, percussion), Martina Müller (recorder), Alfred Schwind (bass, keyboards, bouzouki), Hans-Dieter Schotsch (vocals, guitar, mandolin) Discography: Tanzbär (1977) Missethaten (1979)


Syncrisis were a German jazz-rock band that self-pressed the album Reflections in Musical Power in 1981, followed by the sophomoric Sunny Crisis on Inside Records in 1982. Members: Titus Köstler (guitar), Edgar Müller (electric piano, Mini Moog, grand piano, clavinet, church organ), Peter Frodi (bass), Uwe Holzwarth (drums, percussion) Discography: Reflections in Musical Power (1981) […]

Tangerine Dream

Tangerine Dream was a German electronic band from Berlin that released more than 40 studio and live albums during the 20th century. The band was founded in 1967 by multi-instrumentalist Edgar Froese, who led the nameplate through numerous iterations for nearly five decades. Members: Edgar Froese (guitar, bass, organ, Mellotron, piano, percussive objects, gong, Moog, […]


Swegas were a German brass-rock band that released two albums and a standalone single on BASF and Trend in 1970 and 1971. Members: Nick Ronai (trombone), Brian “Joe” Spibey (vocals, trumpet, 1969-70), Alan Smith (alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, piano, 1969-?), Jonny Toogood (guitar, 1969-?), Keith Strachan (vocals, keyboards, 1969-71), Roy Truman (bass, 1969-71), John “Legato” […]

Sweet Smoke

Sweet Smoke were a German-based jam-rock/psych band formed by expat Americans during the late 1960s. In 1970, the band released two shortplayers on Yanki Plak and the album Just a Poke on Columbia. A second studio album and a live disc followed on Harvest in 1973 and 1974. Members: Andrew Dershin (bass, percussion), Jay Dorfman […]