Steve Maxwell Von Braund

Steve Maxwell Von Braund is an Australian keyboardist and saxophonist who made the nation’s first electronic album, Monster Planet, released in 1975 on the experimental Clear Light of Jupiter label. Soon after, he formed Cybotron, a Kraut-inspired electronic combo that made three albums between 1976 and 1980. Background Steve Braund (b. 1947) grew up in […]

Tonto’s Expanding Head Band

Tonto’s Expanding Head Band was the electronic duo of English keyboard engineer Malcolm Cecil and American record producer Robert Margouleff. They released two albums: Zero Time (1971) and It’s About Time (1974). Their name derived from T.O.N.T.O., an acronym for The Original and New Timbral Orchestra: a polyphonic synthesizer arsenal that Cecil constructed for the […]

Anna Själv Tredje

Anna Själv Tredje were a Swedish electronic duo that released the popular album Tussilago Fanfara on the Silence label in 1977. Keyboardist Ingemar Ljungström subsequently headed the space-rock/coldwave combos Cosmic Overdose and Twice a Man. Members: Ingemar Ljungström [aka Karl Gasleben] (keyboards), Mikael Bojén (keyboards, guitar) Anna Själv Tredje centered on the musical partnership of […]


Zorch were an English electronic duo that formed as a four-piece in 1973, eventually pairing down to keyboardists Basil Brooks and Gwyo Ze Pix. In 1975, the pair recorded an album’s worth of material that was ultimately released a quarter-century later as Ouroboros on Zorch Records. Members: Basil Brooks (synthesizer), Gwyo Ze Pix (synthesizer) Ouroboros […]


Wavemaker was an English electronic duo that released the 1975–77 Polydor albums Where Are We Captain?… and New Atlantis. Members: Brian Hodgson, John Lewis Background Formed by BBC Radiophonic Workshop-vet/White Noise-cofounder Hodgson with Electrophon Studio cohort Lewis, the duo released two albums on Polydor with help from percussionist Jon Keliehor and kettledrummer Anthony McVey. Where […]


Stardrive were an American electro-jazz/funk band that released the album Intergalactic Trot on Elektra in 1973, followed by a self-titled album on Columbia in 1974. Members: Harvey Sarch (Guitar), Howard Rego (Drums), Jaime Austria (Bass), Robert Mason (Synthesizer) Discography: Intergalactic Trot (1973) Stardrive (1974)


You were a German electro/space-rock band released a standalone single and the album Electric Day on Cain circa 1980/81, followed by two albums on Rock City Records between 1982 and 1984. A final album, Laserscape, appeared on Racket in 1986. Members: Ulrich Weber (guitar, gongs), Udo Hanten (synthesizer, loops), Albin Meskes (synthesizer, sequencer, Mellotron), Lhan […]

Tangerine Dream

Tangerine Dream was a German electronic band from Berlin that released more than 40 studio and live albums during the 20th century. The band was founded in 1967 by multi-instrumentalist Edgar Froese, who led the nameplate through numerous iterations for nearly five decades. Members: Edgar Froese (guitar, bass, organ, Mellotron, piano, percussive objects, gong, Moog, […]

Peter Baumann

Peter Baumann (born Jan. 29, 1953) is a German keyboardist and percussionist who served as a member of Tangerine Dream from 1972 through 1977. While still a member of the band, he made his solo debut with the 1976 Virgin release Romance 76. Between 1979 and 1982, he released two further albums on the label […]


Kraftwerk are a German electronic band that was initially active as a recording unit during the 1970s and early ’80s. Between 1970 and 1974, the band released four albums on Philips, followed by three further albums on Kling Klang/Capitol during the second half of the decade. Members: Ralf Hütter (electronics, keyboards, vocals, percussion, guitar, 1970-71, […]

Klaus Schulze

Klaus Schulze is a German keyboardist, percussionist, and producer who played in the initial lineups of Tangerine Dream and Ash Ra Tempel between 1969 and 1971. In 1972, he debuted as a solo artist with the album Irrlicht on Ohr. Twelve further albums appeared between 1973 and 1980, mostly on Brain. Klaus Schulze was born […]

Edgar Froese

Edgar Froese (born June 5, 1944 — Jan. 20, 2015) was a German multi-instrumentalist best known as the mastermind behind electronic pioneers Tangerine Dream, which he founded in 1967 and led for nearly five decades. In 1974, he debuted as a solo artist with the album Aqua on Brain Metronome. Between 1975 and 1983, he […]


Ashra were a German electronic band that grew out of the earlier Ash Ra Tempel, releasing four albums under the shortened nameplate between 1976 and 1980 on Virgin Records. Members: Manuel Göttsching (guitar, synthesizer, sequencer, bass, drum machine, gong, vibraphone, vocals), Lutz Ulbrich (guitar, synthesizer, piano, Mellotron, 1979-present), Harald Grosskopf (drums, percussion, synthesizer, vocals, 1979-present) […]

Jean-Michel Jarre

Jean-Michel Jarre is a French keyboardist and sound technician who has been active since the start of the 1970s, recording first as a soundtrack composer. He gained global prominence with his 1976 release Oxygène, which brought electronic music to a wider audience. He released more than 15 further titles over next quarter-century, mostly on Disques […]


Zanov is the performance name of French electronic musician Pierre Zalkazanov, who released two albums in the Berlin School-vein in 1976 and 1977. A third album followed in 1983, after which he went quiet until the 2010s when a growing cult around his reissued works prompted a comeback. Since 2014, he has released two CDs […]


Earthstar were an American electronic combo from Utica, NY, that released the album Salterbarty Tales on self-press Moontower Records in 1978, followed by three albums on the German Sky label between 1979 and 1982. Members: Andy Retscher, Bob Mishalanie, Craig Wuest, Dan Happ, Dan Zongrone, Daryl Trivieri, Dennis Rea, Louis Deponté, Melanie Coiro, Norm Peach, […]


Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou (March 29, 1943 — May 17, 2022) was a Greek electronic musician and composer, known professionally as Vangelis. He emerged as the keyboardist of beatsters The Forminx, which cut multiple 1964–65 singles on Decca and Pan-Vox. He then teamed with members of rival band The Minis in the psychedelic supergroup Aphrodite’s Child, […]

Mother Mallard’s Portable Masterpiece Co.

Mother Mallard’s Portable Masterpiece Co. were an American electronic band from Ithaca, NY, that released a self-titled album on Earthquack in 1973, followed with Like a Duck to Water in 1976. Further material, much of it archival recordings from the 1970s, was later released on Cuneiform. Members: David Borden (Moog, Minimoog, electric piano), Steve Drews […]

John Mills-Cockell

John Mills-Cockell (born May 19, 1943) is a Canadian electronic musician who recorded three albums with the experimental combo Intersystems in 1967/68, followed by a brief stint with psych-rockers Kensington Market. He then formed the electronic trio Syrinx, which issued two albums on True North in 1970/71. As a solo artist, he released two albums […]


Syrinx were a Canadian electronic/psych band from Toronto that released two albums on True North Records in 1970/71. The band featured ex-Intersystems/Kensington Market keyboardist John Mills-Cockell, who subsequently issued a string of solo and soundtracks works. Members: John Mills-Cockell (piano, organ), Doug Pringle (saxophone), Malcolm Tomlinson (drums, vocals), Allan Wells (percussion) Discography: Syrinx (1970) Long […]

Nik Raicevic

Nicolas Pascal Raicevic (Oct. 12, 1933 — Dec. 1, 1994) was an American electronic musician who released five albums between 1970 and 1975 on self-press Narco Records. Discography: Head [aka Numbers] (1970 • Head / 107-34-8933) Beyond the End …. Eternity (1971) The Sixth Ear (1972) Magnetic Web (1973) Zero Gravity (1975)

Michael Garrison

Michael Garrison (Nov. 28, 1956 — March 24, 2004) was an American electronic musician from Roseburg, Ore., who released nine studio albums on self-press Windspell Records between 1979 and 1998. Discography: In the Regions of Sunreturn (1979) Prisms (1981) Eclipse (1982) Point of Impact (1983) Images (1986) Aurora Dawn (1988) An Earth-Star Trilogy (1989) The […]


Cybotron was an Australian electronic combo from Melbourne that released a 1976 self-titled album on Clear Light of Jupiter, followed by Colossus (1978, Champagne) and Implosion (1980, Cleopatra). Their co-founder, keyboardist–saxist Steve Maxwell Von Braund, preceded Cybotron with a 1975 solo album, Monster Planet. Members: Steve Maxwell Von Braund (keyboards, synthesizer, saxophone, percussion), Geoff Green […]

Wolfgang Düren

Wolfgang Düren (born July 9, 1956) is a German electronic musician who served as a sequencer programmer for Tangerine Dream between 1978 and 1980. As a recording artist, he released the album Eyeless Dreams on WPL Records in 1980. He subsequently went into keyboard distribution and founded Waldorf Electronics, a synthesizer manufacturer, in 1988. Discography: […]


Synergy is the recording/performance moniker of American electronic musician Larry Fast (born Dec. 10, 1951), who released seven albums under the name on Passport Records between 1975 and 1982. Discography: Electronic Realizations for Rock Orchestra (1975) Sequencer (1976) Cords (1978) Games (1979) Audion (1981) Computer Experiments: Volume One (1981) The Jupiter Menace (1982) Metropolitan Suite […]


Heldon were a French avant-garde/electronic band that released three albums on Disjuncta circa 1974/75, followed by four further titles on Urus, Cobra, and Egg between 1976 and 1979. Members: Richard Pinhas (guitar, synthesizer), Patrick Gauthier (keyboards), François Auger (drums), Didier Batard (bass), Georges Grunblatt (Mellotron), Philibert Rossi (Mellotron), Jannick Top (bass), Michel Ettori (guitar) Heldon […]