The Ruts

The Ruts were an English punk-rock/reggae band from Hayes, Greater London, that released the album The Crack with accompanying singles on Virgin in 1979. A name-change to Ruts DC preceded the 1981/82 albums Animal Now and Rhythm Collision – Vol.1, the second released on self-press Bohemian Records. Members: David Ruffy (drums), John Jennings (bass, vocals), […]

Reluctant Stereotypes

The Reluctant Stereotypes were an English New Wave/ska band from Coventry that issued a three-song EP on A&M-subsidiary Oval Music in 1979, followed by the album The Label with three accompanying singles/b-sides on WEA in 1980. Vocalist Paul King, who joined just prior to the WEA releases, later recorded two albums with his own surname-sake […]


UPP was an English jazz-funk band that released two albums on Epic during 1975 and 1976, the first produced by Jeff Beck. Drummer Jimmy Copley hailed from rustic-rockers Spreadeagle; he later did session work for Ann Lewis, The Quick, Go West, and Killing Joke. Keyboardist Andy Clark recorded three 1969–71 albums as part of the […]

Peter Brown

Peter Brown is an American singer, musician, songwriter, and producer who released the 1977–79 disco-funk albums Do You Wanna Get Funky With Me and Stargazer on TK–Drive and scored a 1978 Top 10 hit with “Dance with Me.” He co-wrote Madonna’s 1985 chart-topper “Material Girl.” Brown was born on July 11, 1953, in Blue Island, […]

Karl Ratzer

Karl Ratzer is an Austrian guitarist who cut a 1972 album with the post-psych band Gipsy Love. He made numerous solo albums of instrumental jazz-rock, starting with the 1978–79 Vanguard titles In Search of the Ghost and Street Talk. Discography: In Search of the Ghost (1978) Finger Prints (1979) Street Talk (1979) Dancing on a […]

The Pyramids

The Pyramids are an American spiritual-jazz ensemble from Yellow Springs, Ohio, that released three albums on namesake self-press Pyramid Records between 1973 and 1976. The nameplate was reactivated in the 2010s for a further round of titles on Cultural Odyssey, Strut, and Philophon. Members: Idris Ackamoor [Bruce Baker] (saxophone), Margo Simmons (flute), Kimathi Asante (bass, […]


Random were an American avant-rock band from Illinois that self-released the album Nothin’ Tricky in 1977. Members: Ralph Athey (clarinet, saxophone, vocals), Jerry Fiddler (acoustic guitar, electric guitar, percussion, vocals), Sam Kolmodin (bass guitar, contrabass, vocals), Sandy Robinson (violin, viola, vocals), Paul Shimandle (12-string guitar, percussion, vocals) Discography: Nothin’ Tricky (1977)

Racer X

Racer X were an American metal band from Los Angeles that released three studio albums and two live discs on Shrapnel between 1986 and 1999, followed by four titles on Universal during the early 2000s. Members: John Alderete (bass), Jeff Martin (vocals), Paul Gilbert (guitar, 1985-88, 1999-2002), Harry Gschoesser (drums, 1985-86), Bruce Bouillet (guitar, 1986-89), […]

Year One

Year One were an American art-rock band from Miami that released an eponymous double-album on self-press Year One Productions in 1971. Members: Vincent James DeMeo [aka Jim DeMeo] (guitar, vocals), Gregory Scott Kimple [aka Greg Kimple] (drums, vocals), David Robert Robbins [aka Bob Robbins] (bass, vocals), Mario Anthony Russo [aka Mario Russo] (keyboards, vocals) Discography: […]

Yellow Autumn

Yellow Autumn were an American folk-psych trio from Compton, Calif., that released the album Children of the Mist on Vala Records in 1977. Members: Gary Creighton (acoustic guitar, dulcimer, piano, vibraphone, vocals), Erb Swanigan (flute, cello), Lorraine Dechter (tambourine, classical guitar, vocals) Discography: Children of the Mist (1977)

So & Co

So & Co were a French avant-psych band that released a self-titled album on Pathé in 1975. That same year, the band backed veteran singer/songwriter Gérard Entremont on his first full-length album, released on Pathé as Gérard Entremont & Co. Saxophonist Alain Potier subsequently appeared in Plat du Jour and Urban Sax. Members: Jacques Brely […]


Schtüng were a New Zealander symphonic-rock band that released a self-titled album on Polydor in 1977. Members: David Bowater (saxophone, flute), Geoff Bowdler (percussion), Andrew Hagen (keyboards, vocals, guitar), Paul Jeffery (keyboards, vocals), Rob Sinclair (bass, vocals), Morton Wilson (guitar, vocals) Discography: Schtüng (1977)

Space Waltz

Space Waltz was a New Zealander art-rock band that released a self-titled album on EMI in 1975. Members: Alastair Riddell (vocals, guitar, synthesizer), Eddie Rayner (piano, Hammond organ, Mellotron, synthesizer), Greg Clark (electric guitar), Peter Cuddihy (bass), Brent Eccles (drums) Background Riddell (b. 1952; Auckland) got his musical start as the guitarist and singer of […]

Zaine Griff

Zaine Griff — aka Glenn Mikkelson (born Oct. 4, 1957) — is a Kiwi vocalist and musician who was primarily active during the 1970s and early 1980s. Following a stint with New Zealand heroes The Human Instinct, he moved to England and released a single apiece with the bands Baby Face and Screemer. As a […]


Think were a New Zealander art-rock band that released the album We’ll Give You a Buzz on Atlantic in 1976. Members: Alan Badger (bass), Phil Whitehead (guitar), Neville Jess (drums), Don Mills (keyboards), Ritchie Pickett (vocals), Kevin Stanton Discography: We’ll Give You a Buzz (1976)

Joe Vitale

Joe Vitale (born April 2, 1949) is an American drummer, keyboardist, songwriter, and occasional vocalist from Canton, Ohio, who played in the garage-psych bands The Chylds and The Echos during the late 1960s. During the 1970s, he played on albums by Rick Derringer, Michael Stanley, Stephen Stills, Bill Wyman, the Outlaws, Jay Ferguson, and Dan […]


Elf was an American hard-rock band that released a self-titled 1972 album on Epic, followed by the 1974/75 MGM albums Carolina County Ball and Trying to Burn the Sun. They were a frequent opening act of Deep Purple, whose bassist, Roger Glover, produced Elf’s three albums. Singer Ronnie James Dio joined guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in […]


Bloontz were an American hard-rock band from Houston that released a self-titled album on small-press Evolution in 1973. Members: Zenobia (choir), Tony Braunagel (drums), Andy Chapman (vocals), Jimmy Don (guitar), Margaret Dorn (choir), Mike Montgomery (keyboards), Terry Wilson (bass), Sharon Redd (choir), David L. Kealey (guitar), Steve Radney (guitar), Linda Lawley (choir) Discography: Bloontz (1973)


Bloodrock was an American hard-rock band that released six studio albums and a live double-LP on Capitol between 1970 and 1974. Members: Nick Taylor (guitar, vocals), Ed Grundy (bass, vocals), Stevie Hill (keyboards, vocals), James Rutledge (drums, vocals, 1969-72), Lee Pickens (guitar, vocals, 1969-72), Rick Cobb (drums, vocals, 1970-73), Warren Ham (vocals, wind, 1972-75), Randy […]

Bull Angus

Bull Angus were an American hard-rock band from Poughkeepsie, N.Y., that released two albums on Mercury in 1971 and 1972. Vocalist Frankie Previte resurfaced a decade later as the namesake frontman of Franke and the Knockouts. Members: Geno Charles (drums), Larry LaFalce (lead guitar, vocals), Dino Paolillo (lead guitar, vocals), Frankie Previte (vocals, recorder, percussion), […]


Felt were an American hard-rock/psych band from Arab, Ala., that released a self-titled album in 1971. Members: Mychael John Thomas (guitar, vocals), Mike Neel (drums), Tommy Gilstrap (bass), Stan Lee (guitar), Allan Dalrymple (keyboards) Discography: Felt (1971)


Granicus were an American hard-rock band from Cleveland that released a self-titled album in 1973. Members: Joe Battaglia (drums), Wayne Anderson (guitar), Dale Bedford (bass), Woody Leffel (vocals, guitar), Al Pinelli (guitar) Discography: Granicus (1973) Thieves, Liars, and Traitors (2010, recorded 1973–74)


Thunderpussy were an American art-rock trio from Quincy, Ill., that released the album Documents of Captivity on MRT in 1973. Members: Steven Jay Morris (vocals, guitar, synthesizers), Ben Russell (vocals, bass, flute), George Jake Tutko (drums, percussion, marimba) Discography: Documents of Captivity (1973)


Ram were an American art-rock band from N.Y.C. that released the album Where? (In Conclusion) on Polydor in 1972. Members: Dennis Carbone (piano, vocals), John Demartino (saxophone, flute, clarinet), Ralph Demartino (guitar, vocals), Michael Rodriguez (bass, vocals), Steeler (drums) Discography: Where? (In Conclusion) (1972)


Ramatam was an American hard-rock band that released two albums on Atlantic: Ramatam (1972) and In April Came the Dawning of the Red Suns (1973). Members: April Lawton (lead guitar), Mitch Mitchell (drums), Mike Pinera (guitar), Russ Smith (bass, vocals), Tommy Sullivan (keyboards, reeds, vocals), Jimmy Walker (percussion, vocals) Background Ramatam formed in 1971 when […]


GoodThunder were an American hard-rock/psych band from Los Angeles that released a self-titled album on Elektra in 1972. Members: James Cahoon Lindsay (lead vocals, percussion), John Desautels (drums), David Hanson (guitar, vocals), Bill Rhodes (bass), Wayne Cook (keyboards) Discography: Goodthunder (1972)

Good God

Good God were an American jazz-rock band from Philadelphia that released a self-titled album on Atlantic in 1972. Members: Zeno Sparkles (guitar, vocals), Cotton Kent [aka Carlton Kent] (keyboards, saxophone, vocals) Greg Scott (saxophone), John Ransome (bass), Hank Ransome (drums, vocals) Discography: Good God (1972)


McLuhan were an American symphonic/jazz-rock band that released the album Anomaly on Brunswick in 1972. Members: David Wright (trumpet, vocals, narration, slide whistle), Paul Cohn (flute, clarinet, tenor saxophone, flute), Neal Rosner (bass guitar, lead vocals), John Mahoney (drums, vocals), Micahael Linn (drums), Dennis Stoney Philips (guitar, vocals), Tom ‘Tojza’ Laney (organ, piano, vocals), Bobby […]


Polyphony were an American symphonic-rock band that released the album Without Introduction on small-press Eleventh Hour in 1972. Members: Martin Ruddy (backing vocals, bass), Christopher Spong (drums), Craig Massey (vocals, organ, moog), Glenn Howard (vocals, guitars), Chatty Cooper (percussion) Discography: Without Introduction (1972)


Lift were an American symphonic-rock band from New Orleans, formed in 1972. In 1974, the band recorded an album’s worth of material that was ultimately released as Caverns of Your Brain by the tax-scam Guinness label in 1977. Members: Chip Gremillion (keyboards), Chip Grevemberg (drums), Cody Kelleher (bass, 1972-75), Chris Young (rhythm guitar, 12-string guitar, […]


Pre were an American symphonic-rock band from Kentucky that was active during 1973. The band recorded an album’s worth of material that was ultimately released two decades after the fact by archivists ZNR. Members: Alfred Collinsworth (acoustic guitar, vocals), Larry Collinsworth (guitar), Brian Paulson (keyboards), Steve DeMoss (bass, vibraphone, glockenspiel), Dwight Dunlap (drums) Discography: Pre […]

The Boomtown Rats

The Boomtown Rats are an Irish rock band that released six albums between 1977 and 1984 on Ensign and Mercury. Singer Bob Geldof was an outspoken new wave figurehead who later marshalled the all-star charitable projects Band Aid and Live Aid. Members: Bob Geldof (vocals), Johnnie Fingers (keyboards, vocals), Gerry Cott (guitar 1975-81), Pete Briquette […]

The Box Tops

The Box Tops were an American pop-rock band that released four 1967–69 albums on Bell Records. They are best known for the hits “Choo Choo Train,” “Soul Deep,” and the Billboard chart-toppers “Cry Like a Baby” and “The Letter.” Singer Alex Chilton later fronted Big Star. Members: Alex Chilton (lead vocals, guitar, bass, 1963-70, 1989, […]

The Cryan’ Shames

The Cryan’ Shames were an American garage-rock band that released three 1966–68 albums on Columbia. Their first two singles, “I Wanna Meet You” and the (Searchers cover) “Sugar and Spice,” were Top 5 hits in the Chicago area. Guitarist–keyboardist Isaac Guillory later backed Al Stewart and joined the international jazz-funk ensemble Pacific Eardrum. Members: Tom […]

The Human Beinz

The Human Beinz were an American garage-rock band that made the 1968 Capitol albums Nobody but Me and Evolution. They scored a 1967 Billboard Top 10 hit with the Isley Brothers cover “Nobody But Me” and had back-to-back Japanese No. 1’s with “Hold on Baby” and the Bobby Bland cover “Turn On Your Love Light.” […]

The Electric Prunes

The Electric Prunes were an American garage-rock band that released five 1967–69 albums on Reprise Records. They are best known for their 1967 Billboard hit “I Had Too Much to Dream (Last Night),” a much-comped psychedelic nugget. Members: James Lowe (vocals, guitar, 1965-68), Ken Williams (lead guitar, 1965-68), Mark Tulin (bass, keyboards, 1965-68), Mike Weakley […]

The Remains

The Remains were an American garage-rock band from Boston that released a self-titled album on Epic and scored a 1966 regional hit with “Don’t Look Back,” later anthologized on the original Nuggets. Members: Barry Tashian (lead vocals, guitar), Bill “Billy” Briggs (keyboards, harmonica, vocals), Vern Miller (bass, guitar, vocals), Rudolph “Chip” Damiani (drums, 1964-66, 1998-present), […]

Chris Farlowe

Chris Farlowe is an English rock singer who surfaced in the R&B–beat boom with five 1962–65 singles on Decca and Columbia–EMI, which issued his 1966 debut album with backing band The Thunderbirds. He cut eleven singles through 1968 on Immediate Records and scored a UK No. 1 with the Rolling Stones song “Out of Time.” […]

The Troggs

The Troggs were an English rock band, best known for the 1966 British Invasion hit “Wild Thing” from their debut album From Nowhere. On Page One, they made the 1967–68 albums Trogglodynamite, Cellophane, and Mixed Bag. Outside the US, they scored further hits with “I Can’t Control Myself,” “Any Way That You Want Me,” “Love […]

Lost Nation

Lost Nation was an American post-psych band that released the 1970 album Paradise Lost on the Rare Earth division of Motown. Members: Ron Stults (vocals), Larry Zelanka (organ, keyboard), Craig Webb (guitar), Art Wolff (bass), Ron Fuller (percussion) Lost Nation formed in Detroit from the dust of The Unrelated Segments, a garage-rock band with singer […]

Ultimate Spinach

Ultimate Spinach was an American psychedelic rock band that released three 1968–69 albums on MGM. Members: Ian Bruce-Douglas (vocals, guitar, harmonica, keyboards, bass, recorder, theremin, vibraphone), Barbara Hudson (guitar, vocals), Keith Lahteinen (drums, percussion, vocals), Ted Myers (guitar, vocals), Richard Nese (bass), Geoffrey Winthrop (guitar, vocals), Jeff “Skunk” Baxter (guitar), Mike Levine (bass), Tony Scheuren […]

The Monkees

The Monkees were an American pop-rock band that released eight albums between 1966 and 1969 on Colgems–RCA Victor. They starred in a musical comedy show that ran for two seasons on NBC. Their hits include “(Theme from) The Monkees,” “A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You,” “Pleasant Valley Sunday,” “Valleri,” and the Billboard No. […]

The Beau Brummels

The Beau Brummels were an American pop-rock band that released two 1965 albums on Autumn Records and three 1966–68 albums on Warner Bros. Their debut, Introducing The Beau Brummels, spawned the AM radio hits “Laugh, Laugh” and “Just a Little.” Members: Ron Elliott (guitar, 1964-68, 1974-75, 1979-81), Sal Valentino (lead vocals, 1964-68, 1974-75, 1979-80, 1984-85), […]

The Buckinghams

The Buckinghams were an American pop-rock band that released multiple 1966–67 singles on the Chicago-based U.S.A. Records label, including the 1967 Billboard No. 1 “Kind of a Drag.” On Columbia, they released three albums and scored further hits with “Don’t You Care,” “Mercy, Mercy, Mercy,” and “Hey Baby (They’re Playing Our Song).” They were an […]

The Byrds

The Byrds were an American rock band that released twelve albums between 1965 and 1973 on Columbia. Their original lineup featured three singing guitarists: Roger McGuinn, David Crosby, and Gene Clarke. They codified the jangly 12-string electric guitar sound on their 1965 Billboard No. 1’s “Mr. Tambourine Man” and “Turn! Turn! Turn!” Further hits include […]

The Rascals

The Rascals were an American pop-rock band that released seven albums between 1966 and 1971 on Atlantic. On their first three albums, they’re billed as The Young Rascals. They are best known for the AM radio evergreens “How Can I Be Sure?,” “A Beautiful Morning,” “A Girl Like You,” and the 1966–68 Billboard No. 1’s […]

The Turtles

The Turtles were an American pop-rock band that released six albums between 1965 and 1970 on White Whale Records. They are best known for the hits “She’d Rather Be With Me,” “You Showed Me,” “Elenore,” and the 1967 Billboard No. 1 “Happy Together.” Guitarist–singer Mark Volman and singer–keyboardist Howard Kaylan continued as the comedy-rock team […]

The Association

The Association was an American soft-rock band that released two 1966 albums on Valiant Records and six 1967–71 albums on Warner Bros. They are best known for the harmony pop ballads “Never My Love,” “Along Comes Mary,” “Everything That Touches You,” and the Billboard No. 1’s “Cherish” and “Windy.” Members: Ted Bluechel, Jr. (drums, vocals, […]

The Monks

The Monks were a garage-rock band formed by American GIs stationed in Germany. In 1966, they released the album Black Monk Time on International Polydor. Members: Gary Burger (guitar, vocals), Larry Clark (organ, vocals), Dave Day (banjo, vocals), Roger Johnston (drums, vocals), Eddie Shaw (bass, vocals) The Monks formed as The 5 Torquays in 1964 […]

Syndicate of Sound

Syndicate of Sound was an American garage-rock band that scored a 1966 hit with “Little Girl,” the title-track of their singular album on Bell Records. They released eight singles, culminating with the 1970 Buddah 45’s “Brown Pager Bag (b/w “Reverb Beat”) and “Mexico.” Members: Don Baskin (vocals, guitar), John Sharkey (guitar, keyboards), Larry Ray (guitar), […]

The Lollipop Shoppe

The Lollipop Shoppe was an American garage-rock band based in Portland, Oregon, that released the 1968 album Just Colour on Uni Records. It contains “You Must Be a Witch,” a much-comped heavy psych song noted for its gasping, dramatized vocals. Frontman Fred Cole led numerous garage bands in the ensuing four decades. Members: Fred Cole […]

The Other Half

The Other Half was an American garage-rock band responsible for the 1966 blues-rock classic “Mr. Pharmacist” and a 1968 self-titled album on Acta Records. Guitarist Randy Holden also played in Blue Cheer and made the 1970 album Population II. Members: Jeff Nowlen (vocals, harmonica, guitar), Geoff Westen (guitar, vocals), Larry Brown (bass), Danny “Woody” Woods […]

The Cyrkle

The Cyrkle was an American pop-rock band that released the 1966–67 Columbia albums Red Rubber Ball and Neon and made soundtrack music for the 1969 erotic thriller The Minx. Their best-known songs are “Turn Down Day,” “Don’t Cry, No Fears, No Tears Comin’ Your Way,” and the Paul Simon-penned “Red Rubber Ball.” They were the […]

Count Five

The Count Five was an American garage-rock band that released the 1966 album Psychotic Reaction on Double Shot, followed by four 1967–69 singles. They are best-known for their Billboard Top 5 hit “Psychotic Reaction,” a Yardbirds-style fuzz rocker that appears on numerous psych and proto-punk comps. Members: Craig Atkinson (drums), Sean Byrne (vocals, rhythm guitar), […]

The Sonics

The Sonics were an American garage-rock band that released the 1965–66 albums Here Are the Sonics!!! and Boom on Etiquette Records. Members: Larry Parypa (guitar, 1960-72, 2007-15), Mitch Jaber (drums, 1960-62), Stuart Turner (guitar, 1960-62), Jerry Parypa (saxophone, 1960-61), Andy Parypa (bass, 1961-72, 2009), Tony Mabin (saxophone, 1961-63), Rich Koch (guitar, 1962-63), Marilyn Lodge (vocals, […]

The Leaves

The Leaves were an American garage-rock band that released the 1966 album Hey Joe on Mira, followed by the 1967 Capitol release All the Good That’s Happening. They made the first commercially available version of “Hey Joe,” a non-copyrighted blues and rock standard made famous by Jimi Hendrix. Members: Robert Lee Reiner (guitar), Jim Pons […]

The Standells

The Standells were an American garage-rock band that released four 1966–67 albums on Capitol–Tower. Their best-known songs include “Try It,” “Sometimes Good Guys Don’t Wear White,” and the Billboard Top 20 hit “Dirty Water.” Members: Larry Tamblyn (keyboards, guitar, vocals), Tony Valentino (lead guitar, 1962-68), Jody Rich (bass, 1962-63), Benny King (drums, 1962-63), Gary Lane […]

The Del-Vetts

The Del-Vetts were an American garage-rock band that released three singles, including the 1966 proto-punk classic “Last Time Around.” In 1967, they morphed into Pride and Joy for two further singles on Dunwich. Members: Jim Lauer (guitar, lead vocals), Bob Good (bass, guitar, harmonica, vocals), Lester Goldboss (guitar, 1963-?), Paul Wade (drums, 1963-?), Jeff Weinstein […]

The Chocolate Watchband

The Chocolate Watchband was an American garage-rock band that released three 1967–69 albums on Capitol–Tower. Their songs “Let’s Talk About Girls” and “Are You Gonna Be There (At the Love-In)?” appear on numerous psych comps. Members: Mark Loomis (guitar, keyboards, 1965-67, 1968-70), Rich Young (bass, 1965-66), Jo Kemling (organ, 1965), Ned Torney (guitar, 1965, 1968-70), […]

The Music Machine

The Music Machine was an American garage-rock band that released the 1966 album (Turn On) The Music Machine on Original Sound. It spawned a Billboard Top 20 hit with “Talk Talk,” a much-comped proto-punk classic. They morphed into The Bonniwell Music Machine for a self-titled 1968 album on Warner Bros.-Seven Arts. Members: Sean Bonniwell (vocals, […]

The Seeds

The Seeds were an American garage-rock band that released four 1966–67 studio albums and a 1968 live album on GNP Crescendo. They are best known for the folk-pop number “I Can’t Seem to Make You Mind” and the proto-punk classic “Pushing Too Hard,” both mainstays of sixties psych comps. Members: Sky Saxon (vocals, bass), Daryl […]

The Elastik Band

The Elastik Band was an American garage-rock band that released four 1967–69 singles, including the proto-punk classic “Spazz.” Members: David Cortopassi (guitar, vocals, vibraphone), Scott Williams (guitar, bass, vocals), Rusty Kierig (bass, vocals), Russel Kerger (keyboards, vocals), Vince Silvera (drums, vocals) The Elastik Band formed as This Side Up in 1966 in Belmont, California. Discography: […]

The Vagrants

The Vagrants were an American garage-rock band that released six singles between 1965 and 1968 on Vanguard and Atco. Guitarist Leslie West later formed Mountain. In 1986, Arista issued The Great Lost Vagrants Album. Members: Leslie West (guitar), Larry West (bass, vocals), Peter Sabatino (vocals), Jerry Storch (keyboards), Roger Monsour (drums) The Vagrants formed in […]