Ancient Grease

Ancient Grease was a Welsh hard-rock/psych band that was active between 1967 and 1970. The band’s singular album, Women and Children First, appeared on Mercury during their final year together. Frontman Gareth “Morty” Mortimer later headed Rhondda funk-rockers Racing Cars for three albums during the late ’70s. Members: Gareth “Morty” Mortimer (vocals), Jack Bass (bass), […]


Gnidrolog was an English symphonic-folk-rock band that released the albums …In Spite of Harry’s Toe-Nail and Lady Lake, both on RCA Victor in 1972. Led by twin brothers Colin and Stewart Goldring, they brought woodwinds and folk instruments into the rock format. Members: Colin Goldring (lead vocals, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, recorder, tenor saxophone, alto […]


Mainhorse was a symphonic-psych band formed in 1969 by London-based Swiss musicians. They released a self-titled album on Polydor in 1971 and a film-theme single on Évasion in 1972. Keyboardist Patrick Moraz did brief stints in Refugee and Yes, then launched a prolific solo career. Members: Patrick Moraz (keyboards, vocals), Jean Ristori (bass, cello, vocals), […]


Cochise was an English rustic-rock band that released three albums on United Artists/Liberty between 1970 and 1972. Members: B.J. Cole (steel guitar, cello), Willie Wilson (drums, percussion), Mick Grabham (guitar, piano, keyboards, vocals), Rick Wills (bass, vocals), Stewart A. Brown (guitar, vocals), John Gilbert (vocals), Roy O’Temro (drums) Inception Cochise formed in 1969 when steel […]

Rikki and the Last Days of Earth

Rikki and the Last Days of Earth were an English art-punk band from Tamworth, Staffordshire, that released two singles on DJM in 1977, both included on the 1978 album 4 Minute Warning. In 1979, vocalist Rikki Sylvan served as a studio hand for Gary Numan on the albums Replicas and The Pleasure Principle. As a […]

Bram Stoker

Bram Stoker was an English post-psych band that released the album Heavy Rock Spectacular on Windmill in 1972. Members: Tony Bronsdon (organ), John Bavin (bass), Pete Ballam (guitar, 1969-72), Rob Haines (drums, 1969-72) Background The nucleus of Bram Stoker formed when ex-Shadows bassist Jet Harris assembled three musicians — organist Tony Bronsdon (ex-Renaissance Fare), guitarist […]

Heavy Cruiser

Heavy Cruiser was an American hard-rock/psych band that released the 1972/73 albums Heavy Cruiser and Lucky Dog on Artie Ripp’s Family Productions label. Canadian bassist Neil Merryweather formed the band in Los Angeles with keyboardist James Newton Howard, later a noted film composer. Heavy Cruiser also recorded as Mama Lion behind Merryweather’s then-partner, singer Lynn […]

National Head Band

The National Head Band was an English blues-psych band that released the album Albert 1 on Warner Bros. in 1971. Members: Neil Ford (acoustic guitar, electric guitar, Moog, vocals), Lee Kerslake (drums, percussion, Moog, vocals), David “Dave” Paull (bass, Moog, guitar, vocals), Jan Schelhaas (piano, organ, harmonium, Moog) Background The National Head Band evolved from […]

Little Free Rock

Little Free Rock was an English hard-rock/psych trio that released a self-titled album on Transatlantic in 1969. Members: Peter Illingworth (guitar, vocals, 1966-74), Frank Newbold (bass, vocals, percussion, 1966-70), Paul Varley (drums, 1966-72), ‘Lord’ Eric Carboo (percussion), Terry Poole (bass, 1970-71), Jon Taylor (bass, 1971-74), Nick Payne (saxophone, flute, harmonica, 1971-74), Kevin Flanagan (drums, 1972-74) […]


Refugee was an English symphonic-rock trio that released a self-titled album on Charisma in 1974. The band was essentially a reformed Nice with keyboardist Patrick Moraz in lieu of Keith Emerson. The project ended soon after the album’s release when Moraz was invited to replace Rick Wakeman in Yes. Members: Patrick Moraz (keyboards), Lee Jackson […]


Ramases was the performance moniker of English folk-psych musician Kimberley Barrington Frost, who cut three singles and two albums with his wife Selket (aka Dorothy Frost.) The singles appeared on CBS and Major Minor between 1968 and 1970 under the name Ramases and Selket. Their album, Space Hymns, was recorded at Strawberry Studios with backing […]

Second Hand

Second Hand was an English post-psych band that released the album Reality on Polydor in 1968, followed by Death May Be Your Santa Claus on Mushroom in 1971. They were the brainchild of keyboardist Ken Elliott and drummer Kieran O’Connor, who morphed the band into Chillum for an instrumental free-psych album. They later formed the […]


Tomorrow was an English psych-rock band that released two singles on Parlophone in 1967, belatedly followed by a self-titled album in 1968. Guitarist Steve Howe attained virtuoso status in the ’70s lineup of Yes. Drummer Twink later co-founded the Pink Fairies. Members: Steve Howe (guitar), John “Junior” Wood (bass), Keith West (vocals), Twink [John Alder] […]


England was an English rock trio that released a self-titled album in 1976 on the UK custom-press Deroy. Members: Olly Alcock (guitar, lead vocals), Mike Kidson, John Waite, Ben Eggleston (bass, vocals), John Clark, Paul Rossiter (saxophone), Kenny Hopper (drums), Dave Ross (flute, saxophone), Phil Cook (drums) For the band that released the 1977 album […]

Bulldog Breed

Bulldog Breed was an English psych-rock band that released the single “Portcullis Gate” and the album Made in England on Deram Nova in 1969. Immediately after Bulldog Breed, final-lineup members Keith Cross and Bernie Jinks regrouped in the powertrio T2. Guitarist Rod Harrison reappeared in the 1972 Threshold one-off Asgærd. Members: Bernie Jinks (bass), Louie […]


Diabolus was an English jazz-rock/psych band that recorded a self-titled album in 1971, blocked domestically but released on the German Bellaphon label. It has since become a cult classic. Members: John Hadfield (guitar, vocals), Anthony Hadfied (bass, vocals), Philip Howard (flute, keyboards, saxophone, organ, piano), Ellwood Von Seibold (drums) Formation Diabolus formed when guitarist/singer John […]

Blind Faith

Blind Faith was an English rock band that released a self-titled album on Atco in 1969. The band are noted as one of rock’s first supergroups due to the high-profile backgrounds of its four members: vocalist–keyboardist Steve Winwood (Spencer Davis Group, Traffic), guitarist Eric Clapton (Yardbirds, John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Cream), drummer Ginger Baker (Graham Bond […]


Ben was an English jazz-rock band that released a self-titled album in 1971 on Vertigo. Members: Peter Davey (alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone, baritone saxophone, flute, clarinet), Alex MacLeery (electric piano, harpsichord, Moog), Dave Sheen (drums, congas, percussion, vocals), Gerry Reid (electric guitar, acoustic guitar), Len Surtees (bass) Background Ben was led by reedist […]


Tully was an Australian folk-psych band from Sydney that released a self-titled 1970 album on Columbia, followed by the 1971 Harvest album Sea of Joy and the posthumous collection Loving Is Hard. Members: Jon Blake (bass, 1968-69), Michael Carlos (keyboards), Richard Lockwood (flute, saxophone, clarinet, piano, 1968-72), Terry Wilson (vocals, guitar, flute, 1968-70), Robert Taylor […]


Pussy was an English pop-psych band that released the 1969 album Pussy Plays on Morgan Blue Town. Members: Dek Boyce (vocals), Jez Turner (bass), Peter Whiteman (keyboards, mellotron), Steve Townsend (drums), Barry Clark (guitar, 1969-?), Gary Peters (guitar) Background Pussy sprung from The Creepers, an unsigned Hertfordshire beat group with singer Dek Boyce, bassist Jez […]

Public Foot the Roman

Public Foot the Roman was an English symphonic/funk-rock band that released a 1973 self-titled album on Sovereign. Three-fifths of the band launched The Movies, which made five albums between 1975 and 1981. Members: Sean Byrne (vocals, guitar), Greg Knowles (guitar), Jamie Lane (drums), Dag Small (keyboards), Ward [Howard Tweddle] (bass) Background Public Foot the Roman […]


Pinnacle was an English space-rock band from Liverpool that released the album Assasin on Stag Music in 1974. Members: Alan Lawrence (bass), Neil McKenna (drums), Dave Mylett (organ, Moog), Owen McCann (vocals), Paul Thomas (guitar) Background Pinnacle started as a post-psych quartet in Liverpool comprised of singer Owen McCann, guitarist Paul Thomas, bassist Alan Lawrence, […]

The Lemon Pipers

The Lemon Pipers were an American pop-psych band from Ohio, best known for their 1968 hit “Green Tambourine,” a Billboard No. 1. They released two albums that year on Buddah, Green Tambourine and Jungle Marmalade. Members: Ivan Browne (vocals, rhythm guitar), Bill Bartlett (lead guitar), Steve Walmsley (bass), R.G. Nave (keyboards, toys), Bill Albaugh (drums) […]


Limelight was an English NWOBHM trio that released a 1980 self-titled album on Future Earth, followed by the 1982 single “Ashes to Ashes.” Members: Mike Scrimshaw (vocals, guitar, bass), Glenn Scrimshaw (guitar), Ian Beestin (drums), Clive Jackson (keyboards), John Dakin (bass), Trevor Wilson (bass), Jimmy Stephenson (drums), Pat Coleman (drums), John Brierly (vocals) Background Limelight […]


Trust In Men Everywhere, commonly billed under the acronymic moniker T.I.M.E., were an American psych-rock band from Los Angeles that released two albums on Liberty in 1968/69. Members: Larry Byrom (guitar), Bill Richardson (guitar), Nick St. Nicholas (bass), Steve Rumph (drums) T.I.M.E. were an offshoot of The Hard Times, a San Diego garage band that […]


Badger was an English symphonic hard-rock band that released a live album on Atco/Atlantic in 1973, followed by the Epic studio release White Lady in 1974. Members: Tony Kaye (keyboards), David Foster (bass), Roy Dyke (drums), Brian Parrish (guitar), Kim Gardner (bass), Jackie Lomax (vocals, rhythm guitar), Paul Pilnick (lead guitar) Background Badger formed in […]


Bachdenkel was an English post-psych band based in France. In 1970, they recorded Lemmings, which appeared in 1973 on Philips. They resurfaced in 1977 with Stalingrad on the small-press Initial Recording Co. Members: Colin Swinburne (vocals, guitar, piano, organ, harpsichord, electric mandolin, bell tree), Peter Kimberley (vocals, bass, piano, Wurlitzer), Brian Smith (drums, percussion, vibraphone, […]


B-Movie was an English new wave band that released two EPs in 1980 on Dead Good Records. They released three 1981–82 singles on the post-punk indie Some Bizarre and scored hits with “Rememberance Day” and the eighties playlist evergreen “Nowhere Girl.” Their lone album from the era, Forever Running, appeared in 1985 on Sire. Members: […]

Aubrey Small

Aubrey Small was an English pop-rock band that released a self-titled album on Polydor in 1971. Members: Peter Pinckney (lead guitar, vocals), Rod Taylor (keyboards, vocals), Alan Christmas (guitar, vocals), David Yearley (bass, vocals), Graham Hunt (drums, guitar, vocals, 1969-72), Barry Shute (drums, 1972-73) Background Aubrey Small formed in Portsmouth in late 1969 when guitarist […]


‘Igginbottom was an English jazz-rock band that released the album ‘Igginbottom’s Wrench on Deram in 1969. Guitarist Allan Holdsworth did subsequent stints in Tempest, Soft Machine, UK, and Bruford. Drummer Dave Freeman surfaced in symphonic-rockers First Aid. Members: Allan Holdsworth (guitar, vocals), Steve Robinson (guitar, vocals), Mick Skelly (bass), Dave Freeman (drums) Formation ‘Igginbottom formed […]

Tonto’s Expanding Head Band

Tonto’s Expanding Head Band was the electronic duo of English keyboard engineer Malcolm Cecil and American record producer Robert Margouleff. They released two albums: Zero Time (1971) and It’s About Time (1974). Their name derived from T.O.N.T.O., an acronym for The Original and New Timbral Orchestra: a polyphonic synthesizer arsenal that Cecil constructed for the […]


Ashkan was an English blues-rock band that released the album In From the Cold on Decca in 1969. Guitarist Bob Weston joined the 1973 incarnation of Fleetwood Mac. Members: Steve Bailey (vocals), Ron Bending (bass, vocals), Terry Sims (drums, percussion), Bob Weston (guitar, vocals, mandolin) Background Ashkan formed in late 1968 when two ex-members of […]


Asgærd was an English folk-psych band that released the album In the Realm of Asgærd on Threshold in 1972. Half the band hailed from hard-rockers Stonehouse, which issued one album the prior year on RCA. Members: James Smith (vocals), Ted Bartlett (vocals), Rod Harrison (guitar, vocals, 1971-?), Peter Orgill (violin), Dave Cook (bass), Ian Snow […]


Arzachel was an English psych-rock band, originally known as Uriel, that released a self-titled album on Evolution in 1969. After the departure of guitarist Steve Hillage, the remaining band released three further albums as Egg between 1970 and 1974. Keyboardist Dave Stewart headed the bands Hatfield & the North and National Health during the mid-to-late […]


Arcadium was an English post-psych band that released the album Breathe Awhile on Middle Earth in 1969. Members: Miguel Sergides (12-string guitar, vocals), Graham Best (bass, vocals), Allan Ellwood (organ, vocals), Robert Ellwood (lead guitar, vocals), John Parker (drums) Inception Arcadium formed when Greek Cypriot guitarist and singer Michalakis Stelios Sergides assembled four English musicians: […]

The Action

The Action was an English rock band that cut five 1965–67 Parlophone singles, including the mod-soul anthem “I’ll Keep Holding On” and the psych nugget “Shadows and Reflections.” They recorded more than three full album’s worth of material that later appeared on the archival CDs Ultimate! Action and Rolled Gold. In 1969, they morphed into […]

String Driven Thing

String Driven Thing was a British folk-rock band, originally formed in Scotland as a harmony combo by the husband/wife team Chris and Pauline Adams. In 1972, they moved to London and added violinist Graham Smith. After the 1973 release The Machine That Cried, the Adams departed. Smith led a new lineup through two further albums […]


F.B.I. was a nine-piece English funk band that released a self-titled album on Tony Visconti’s Good Earth label in 1976. Members: Root Jackson (vocals), Bonnie Wilkinson (vocals), Jaime Black (guitar, flute), Raffi Pereira (guitar), Lennox Meade (bass), Alan Fealdman (keyboards), Lloyd Smith (saxophone), Herscel Holder (trumpet), Stephen Dixon (drums) Background Funky Bands Incorporated (F.B.I.) formed […]


Paladin was an English jam-rock band that released the 1971/72 albums Paladin and Charge! on Bronze. Bassist Pete Beckett resurfaced later that decade in the L.A.-based Player. Members: Derek Foley (vocals, guitar), Pete Beckett (bass, vocals), Peter Solley (keyboards, violin), Lou Stonebridge (keyboards, vocals), Keith Webb (drums), Joe Jammer (guitar, 1972) Background Paladin formed in […]

Pacific Drift

Pacific Drift was an English art-pop/psych band from Manchester that released the album Feelin’ Free on Deram in 1970. Members: Barry Reynolds (guitar, vocals), Brian Chapman (keyboards, vocals), Graham Harrop (guitar, bass), Lawrence Arendes (drums) Background Pacific Drift evolved from Sponge, an unrecorded psych-rock band with guitarist/bassist Graham Harrop and drummer Lawrence Arendes. Harrop played […]

Green Lyte Sunday

Green Lyte Sunday was an American psych-rock band from Dayton that released a self-titled album on RCA Victor in 1970. Members: Fly Barlow (woodwinds, saxophone), Susan Darby (vocals), Jason Hollinger (guitar), Rick Kalb (drums, backing vocals), Michael Losekamp (vocals, keyboards), James Wyatt (bass) Green Lyte Sunday formed in 1968 when bassist James Wyatt and keyboardist […]


Zylan was a Canadian brass-rock-soul band from Halifax behind the 1973 Columbia album Rainbows Dreams & Fantasies. They also made a French-sung version, La Différence, for the Québécois market. Members: Peter Fraser (keyboards), Donnie Hann (bass), Blaine Murphy (guitar), Helene Bolduc (vocals), Andy Davis (drums), Steve Annan (guitar), Dave Skinner (drums), Real Pelletier (vocals), Harold […]

Les Champignons

Les Champignons were a Québécois psych-rock band that released the 1972 album Première Capsule on self-press Les Jeunes Artistes Associés. Members: Émile Naud (saxophone, flute, vocals), Alain Vincent (drums), Alain Lavalleé (bass), Daniel Maillette (keyboards), Jacques Paradis (guitar), Alain Charrette (guitar) Background Les Champignons (French for “The Mushrooms”) grew from a musical partnership between parishioner […]

Orchestra Luna

Orchestra Luna was an American operatic art-rock septet from Boston that released a self-titled album in 1975 on Epic, produced by Rupert Homes. Members: Rick Berlin (keyboards), Scott Chambers (bass), Randy Roos (guitar), Don Mulvaney (drums), Lisa Kinscherf (vocals), Liz Gallagher (vocals), Peter Barrett (vocals), Steven Paul Perry (guitar), Chet Cahill (bass), Bob Brandon (keyboards), […]


Horse was an English hard-rock band that released a self-titled album on RCA Victor in 1970. The album was reissued, along with six songs from an uncompleted second album, on the 2016 CD For Twisted Minds Only on the Rise Above Relics label. Two members formed the folk-psych combo Saturnalia. Members: Adrian Hawkins (vocals), Rod […]


pragVEC was an English avant post-punk band that released two 1978–79 singles and the 1980 album No Cowboys. Guitarist Nick Cash (not the 999 singer) joined The Lines and Fad Gadget. Singer Susan Gogan hailed from pre-punks The Derelicts with her sister Barbara, who fronted the neo-psych Passions. Members: Susan Gogan (vocals, synthesizer, guitar, bass), […]


Web was an English jazz-rock/psych band that released the 1968/69 albums Fully Interlocking and Theraphosa Blondi (as The Web) on Deram, followed by the 1970 release I Spider (without the definite article) on Polydor. They morphed into Samurai for a 1971 self-titled album on Greenwich Gramophone. Members: John L. Watson (vocals, 1967-70), Lennie Wright (drums, […]


Ora was an English folk-pop band that released a self-titled album on small-press Tangerine Records in 1969. Mastermind Jamie Rubinstein later founded Byzantium, which issued two albums on A&M in 1972/73. Members: Mark Barakan [aka Shane Fontayne] (guitar), Julian Diggle (drums), Jamie Rubinstein (vocals, guitar), Robin Sylvester (bass, keyboards, guitar), Chloe Walters (guitar), Jon Weiss […]

Incredible Hog

Incredible Hog was an English hard-rock power trio that released the album Volume 1 on RCA-subsidiary Dart in 1973. Members: Ken Gordon (guitar, harmonica, vocals), Jim Holmes (bass), Tony Awin (drums) Formation Incredible Hog escaped from the wreckage of Speed Auction, a school band that included guitarist/singer Ken Gordon and bassist Jim Holmes. Inspired by […]

The Wind in the Willows

The Wind in the Willows were an American folk-rock/psych band from New York that released a self-titled album on Capitol in 1968. They took their name from the 1908 children’s literary classic by British writer Kenneth Grahame. Co-vocalist Deborah Harry reemerged a decade later as the frontwoman of Blondie. Members: Deborah Harry (vocals, Indian tambura, […]

Angel Witch

Angel Witch was an English heavy metal band tied to London’s NWOBHM movement. They released a self-titled 1980 album and the single “Loser” on Bronze Records. After stints in Deep Machine and Blind Fury, guitarist Kevin Heybourne resurrected Angel Witch for the 1985–86 Killerwatt albums Screamin’ n’ Bleedin’ and Frontal Assault. Members: Kevin Heybourne (vocals, […]

C.K. Strong

C.K. Strong was an American soul-rock band from Los Angeles that released a self-titled album on Epic in 1969. Singer Lynn Carey subsequently formed a duo with Neil Merryweather and fronted Ivar Avenue Reunion and Mama Lion. Members: Lynn Carey (vocals), Jeff Kewley (guitar, vocals), Geoff Westen (guitar, vocals), Chris Brooks (bass, vocals), Ron Grinel […]

McGuinness Flint

McGuinness Flint was an English folk-rock combo, best-known for the 1970–71 UK hits “When I’m Dead and Gone” and “Malt and Barley Blues.” They released the albums McGuinness Flint and Happy Birthday, Ruthy Baby on Capitol Records, followed by the 1973–74 titles Rainbow and C’est la Vie on Bronze. Tom McGuinness (ex-Manfred Mann) and Hughie […]

The Last Nikle

The Last Nikle was an American brass-rock band from New Orleans that released a self-titled album on Mainstream Records in 1969. Members: Lenny McDaniel (bass, vocals), Wally McDaniel (piano, organ), Roger Bertrand (guitar), Jerry Rouselle (drums), Mike Scorsone (saxophone), Clay Musacchia (trombone), Gordon Schumert (trumpet) Background The Last Nikle was formed by bassist/singer Lenny McDaniel […]


Bakerloo was an English blues-rock trio from the Midlands that released a self-titled album on Harvest in 1969. They broke up immediately afterward and another band (later known as Hannibal) toured the album under their name. Guitarist Clem Clempson joined Colosseum and became a prominent journeyman (Humble Pie, Greenslade, Snafu, Cozy Powell). Bassist Terry Poole […]

Hello Sailor

Hello Sailor was a New Zealander rock band that released the 1977–78 albums Hello Sailor and Pacifica Amour on Key Records and scored national hits with “Gutter Back” and “Blue Lady.” They regrouped for the 1986 Zulu Records release Shipshape and Bristol Fashion. Members: Graham Brazier (vocals, saxophone, harmonica, guitar), Harry Lyon (guitar, vocals), Dave […]

Sweet Slag

Sweet Slag was an English jazz-rock/blues band from Luton that released the album Tracking With Close-Ups on President Records Limited in 1971. Members: Mick Karski Karenski [Mick Wright] (guitar, violin), Paul Jolly (saxophone), Jack O’Neill (bass), Al Chambers (drums), John Catlin, Keith Arnold Inception Sweet Slag formed in 1969 and settled on the lineup of […]

Black Cat Bones

Black Cat Bones were an English blues-rock band from London that released the album Barbed Wire Sandwich on Decca in 1970. Their two constants were brothers Stuart Brooks (bass) and Derek Brooks (rhythm guitar), who steered the band through an ever-changing cast of singers, drummers, and lead guitarists. Early members Paul Kossoff and Simon Kirke […]

Red Dirt

Red Dirt was an English post-psych blues-rock band from Kingston upon Hull that released a self-titled album on Fontana in 1970. Guitarist Steve Howden concurrently played with music-hall popsters Fickle Pickle. They recorded a second Red Dirt album and morphed into Snake Eye for the concept album The Journey, both vaulted until the 2010s. Bassist […]

Tea and Symphony

Tea and Symphony were an English folk-psych band that released the 1969–70 Harvest albums An Asylum for the Musically Insane and Jo Sago. Members: Jeff Daw (vocals, guitar, flute), James Langston (guitar, vocals), Nigel Phillips (keyboards, vocals, percussion), Dave Clempson (guitar, drums, 1969), Gus Dudgeon (drums, 1969) Dave Carrol (guitar, 1970-71), Michael “Mick” Hincks (bass, […]

Ivar Avenue Reunion

Ivar Avenue Reunion was a blues-rock-soul sextet, formed in Los Angeles by Canadian bassist Neil Merryweather and his American girlfriend, singer Lynn Carey. They released Ivar Avenue Reunion on RCA in 1970, backed by musicians Merryweather used on a prior album. In 1971, the couple cut the duo album Vacuum Cleaner, then formed Mama Lion […]

Baby Grand

Baby Grand was an American rock band from Philadelphia that released the 1977–78 Arista albums Baby Grand and Ancient Medicine. Guitarist–singer Eric Bazilian and keyboardist–songwriter Rob Hyman formed subsequent hitmakers The Hooters. Members: Eric Bazilian (guitar, vocals), Rob Hyman (keyboards, vocals), David Kagan (vocals), David Prater (drums, 1978-79), Carmine Rojas (bass, 1978-79) Background Baby Grand […]

Eire Apparent

Eire Apparent was an Irish psychedelic pop band that made the album Sunrise, produced by Jimi Hendrix and released in 1969 on Buddah Records. Members: Ernie Graham (vocals), Chris Stewart (bass), David Lutton (drums), Henry McCullough (guitar, 1967-68), Mick Cox (guitar, 1968), David “Tiger” Taylor (guitar, 1968-69), Peter Tolson (guitar, 1969), Steve Jolly (guitar, ?-1970) […]

Johnny Hammond

Johnny Hammond (aka Johnny Smith, Dec. 16, 1933 — June 4, 1997) was an American jazz keyboardist who debuted in 1958 with a solo organ album as Johnny Smith. Adopting the name Johnny “Hammond” Smith, he released three soul-jazz albums on Prestige-subsidiary New Jazz in 1959/60, then switched to Prestige for 16 further albums between […]

Emerson, Lake & Palmer

Emerson, Lake & Palmer — alternately known by the acronym ELP — were an English symphonic-rock trio that released three studio albums and a live classical recording on Island (UK) and Cotillion (US) between 1970 and 1972. In 1973, the band established Manticore Records for original releases and albums by like-minded artists. As one of […]

Gothic Horizon

Gothic Horizon was an English folk-rock duo that released the 1971–72 albums The Jason Lodge Poetry Book and Tomorrow’s Another Day… on Argo. Members: Andy Desmond (vocals, guitar, bass), Richard Garrett (vocals) Formation Gothic Horizon sprung from a partnership between Hertfordshire folkies Andy Desmond and Richard Garrett. Associate Mike Simmons wrote most of their material […]


Esperanto was a multi-national art-rock/flamenco ensemble, formed in Brussels by violinist Raymond Vincent (Wallace Collection) and pianist Bruno Libert. The project yielded three albums on A&M Records between 1973 and 1975, the first featuring English-born vocalist Glenn Shorrock, formerly of the Aussie pop acts The Twilights and Axiom. He soon found fame fronting the Little […]


Warpig was a Canadian hard-rock band that released a self-titled album in 1972 on FontHill Records. Members: Terry Brett (bass), Rick Donmoyer (vocals, guitar), Terry Hook (drums), Dana Snitch (keyboards, vocals, guitar) Background Warpig evolved from Mass Destruction, a garage band in Woodstock, Ontario, with singer–guitarist Rick Donmoyer and bassist Terry Brett. Donmoyer played beforehand […]

Neil Merryweather

Neil Merryweather (Dec. 27, 1945 — March 29, 2021) was a Canadian bassist, vocalist, and songwriter who emerged on the mid-’60s Toronto scene in a sequence of bands. After moving to Los Angeles, he fronted Merryweather for two 1969 albums on Capitol. Merryweather partnered with singer Lynn Carey for the 1970/71 projects Ivar Avenue Reunion […]

Jason Crest

Jason Crest was an English pop-psych band that released five 1968–69 singles on Philips, later collected with six additional tracks on a retrospective disc by archivists Wooden Hill. They briefly morphed into High Broom for a 1970 standalone single on Island. Singer Terry Clarke released an album apiece with hard-rockers Orang-Utan and rustic-rockers Holy Mackerel, […]

Big in Japan

Big in Japan was an English punk band from Liverpool that recorded ten songs, including “Society for Cutting Up Men” and the four-song 1978 EP From Y to Z and Never Again. Their lineup included two passing members of Deaf School and future stars Budgie (Slits, Siouxsie & The Banshees), Ian Broudie (Original Mirrors, Care), Jayne […]

Pink Military / Pink Industry

Pink Military was an English post-punk band that released two EPs and the 1980 album Do Animals Believe in God? They had a revolving lineup led by Jayne Case, the frontwoman of Liverpool punk pioneers Big In Japan. In 1981, she formed Pink Industry, a minimal wave trio that instigated Zulu Records for the 1983–85 […]

The Church

The Church are an Australian neo-psych band that released six albums and five EPs between 1981 and 1990 and scored international hits with “Constant In Opal,” “Columbus,” “Under the Milky Way,” and “Reptiles.” Members: Steve Kilbey (vocals, bass), Peter Koppes (guitar, vocals, 1980-92, 1995-present), Marty Willson-Piper (guitar, vocals, 1980-2013), Nick Ward (drums, 1980-81), Richard Ploog […]


Jodo was an English hard-rock/blues band that released the album Guts on Decca in 1970. That same year, two members appeared on the MCA release Green Bullfrog, an impromptu jam session with members of Deep Purple. Members: Rod Alexander (lead guitar, vocals), Brian “Chico” Greenwood (drums), Earl Jordan (vocals), Bill Kimber [William E. Kimber] (vocals), […]


Jasper was an English blues-psych band that released the album Liberation on Spark Records in 1969. Half its members drifted soon afterward into Jodo and Trifle. Members: Nick Payn [aka Nick Payne] (vocals, harmonica, flute), Steve Radford (guitar), Jon Taylor (bass), Brian “Chico” Greenwood (drums), Alan Fealdman (keyboards) Formation Jasper formed in 1967 as Union […]


Please was an English pop-psych band that recorded two albums worth of material during 1968 and 1969. They emerged from Neon Pearl and underwent three iterations over a two-year period. Their constant was drummer Pete Dunton, who moonlighted in The Flies and Gun. Bassist Bernard Jinks formed Bulldog Breed, which cut the 1969 Deram album […]


Argent was an English art-rock band that released six studio albums and a live double-LP on Epic between 1970 and 1975, followed by a seventh on RCA. They were the namesake of ex-Zombies keyboardist Rod Argent. On their first five albums, Argent was a four-piece with singer/guitarist Russ Ballard, who found success outside the band […]