Free was an English hard-rock/blues band that released six studio albums and a live set between 1969 and 1973. They reached their popular peak with the 1970 albums Fire and Water and Highway. Their signature song, “All Right Now,” remains an evergreen of classic-rock radio. Singer Paul Rodgers and drummer Simon Kirke later formed Bad Company.
Members: Paul Rodgers (vocals), Paul Kossoff (guitar), Simon Kirke (drums), Andy Fraser (bass, 1968-72), Tetsu Yamauchi (bass, 1972-73), John “Rabbit” Bundrick (guitar, keyboards, 1972-73)
1968–69: Formation; Tons of Sobs and Free
Free formed in London in 1968. Guitarist Paul Kossoff (b. Sept. 14, 1950) and drummer Simon Kirke (b. July 28, 1949) hailed from an early, pre-record lineup of blues-rockers Black Cat Bones. They also backed American bluesman Champion Jack Dupree on his 1968 Blue Horizon release When You Feel the Feeling You Was Feeling. Bassist Andy Fraser (b. July 3, 1952) had a brief, unrecorded stint in John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers. Vocalist Paul Rodgers (b. Dec. 17, 1949) played in an unrecorded beat group The Wild Flowers — not to be confused with the pre-Soft Machine Wilde Flowers — with future-Juicy Lucy/Snafu/Whitesnake guitarist Micky Moody and eventual Quiver/Moonrider/Attractions bassist Bruce Thomas.
Free released their first album, Tons of Sobs, in March 1969 on Island (U.K.), A&M (U.S.), Polydor (Canada), Festival (Oceania), and Fontana (Japan). It features eight proper songs, including
Free was released in October 1969 on Island in all territories outside North America, where it was issued on A&M (U.S.) and Polydor (Canada). The album features nine songs, including
Free’s commercial breakthrough came with their third album, Fire and Water, released in June 1970. It features seven songs, including
Free were back that December with their fourth album, Highway, released on Island in all territories. It opens with two Kossoff co-writes, and “The Stealer,” and proceeds through six originals, including
Free at Last was issued that May with nine group compositions, including “Soldier Boy,” “Goodbye,” and “Magic Ship.” The self-produced album generated one single: “Little Bit of Love” (U.K. #13).
The ensuing tour was shambolic due to
worsening condition. That summer, Fraser exited the band.
Free recorded their final album, Heartbreaker, in October/November 1972 at Island Studios. It was released in January 1973, four weeks after the group-composed lead-off single “Wishing Well” (U.K. #7). Rodgers wrote four of the album’s eight songs, including “Seven Angels,” “Come Together in the Morning,” and the epic title-track. His “Easy on My Soul,” along with the Bundrick contributions “Common Mortal Man” and “Muddy Waters,” feature Stray Dog guitarist “Snuffy” Walden in lieu of Kossoff, whose quaalude addiction sidelined him for roughly half the sessions. The album was co-produced by Andy Johns (Blodwyn Pig, Jack Bruce, Heavy Metal Kids, Detective, Television) and engineered by Richard Digby Smith (Bronco, Patto, Boxer, Jess Roden, Dr. Z, Sutherland Brothers).
Kossoff departed in early 1973 to record a solo album. Free toured Heartbreaker with Osibisa guitarist Wendell Richardson and disbanded later that year.
Subsequent Activity and Legacy
Rodgers and Kirke formed Bad Company with guitarist Mick Ralphs (Mott The Hoople) and bassist Boz Burrell (King Crimson, Centipede), releasing six albums on Led Zeppelin‘s Swan Song label between 1974 and 1982.
Fraser formed Sharks with guitarist Chris Spedding but left the project after the first of two albums to front the Andy Fraser Band, which issued a self-titled album in 1975. That same year, he recorded a solo album at Alabam’s Muscle Shoals Sound Studios. For the next eight years, he focused primarily on songwriting with bass credits limited to albums by Brian Eno (Before and After Science) and Robert Palmer. In 1984, Fraser returned with the album Fine Fine Line on Island.
Kossoff went solo with the 1973 release Back Street Crawler, which features all of Free on the track “Molten Gold” plus appearances by Fraser, Kirke, Tetsu, and Rabbit on other tracks. The album spawned a namesake band, featuring Kossoff and three-fifths of American hard-rockers Bloontz. They released two 1975/76 albums on Atlantic/Atco before Kossoff’s death at age 25 from a pulmonary embolism on Mar. 19, 1976. The band continued for two further albums under the truncated name Crawler.
Rabbit cut two solo albums for Island in 1973/74 with help on select tracks from Tetsu, Kirke, and Walden. The keyboardist then joined Back Street Crawler for their 1976 release 2nd Street and remained for the two Crawler albums. He then became a touring fifth-wheel for The Who and played on albums by The Only Ones, Pete Townshend, Trevor Rabin, and Jack Green.
Tetsu toured with the Faces for two years, then returned to Japan where he surfaced sporadically on albums by Maki Asakawa, Kenji Endo, and Yoriyuki Harada.
Covers of Free songs over the years include “Ride On a Pony” (Raw Material), “I’m a Mover” (Buffalo), “Be My Friend” (Jennifer Warnes), “Fire and Water” (Wilson Pickett), “Woman” (Three Dog Night), “Stealer” (Faces), “All Right Now” (Lea Roberts, Rod Stewart), “Travellin’ in Style” (Kiki Dee), “Wishing Well” (Maggie Bell, Blackfoot, Gary Moore), and “Little Bit of Love” (Gap Band).
- Tons of Sobs (1969)
- Free (1969)
- Fire and Water (1970)
- Highway (1970)
- Free at Last (1972)
- Heartbreaker (1973)
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