Black Sabbath

Black Sabbath was an English hard-rock/metal band, originally from Birmingham, that released 19 studio albums between 1970 and 2013. , the band released 19 albums over the course of their career. The band’s “classic” lineup — comprised of Tony Iommi, Ozzy Osbourne, Geezer Butler, and Bill Ward — was active from 1969 to 1978 and released eight studio albums. Ex-Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio led the band’s second coming during the early 1980s.

Members: Tony Iommi (guitar, flute), Ozzy Osbourne (vocals, 1969-77, 1978-79, 1997-2017), Geezer Butler (bass, 1969-84, 1987, 1990-94, 1997-2017), Bill Ward (drums, vocals, 1969-80, 1983-84, 1994, 1997-2012), Dave Walker (vocals, 1977-78), Craig Gruber (bass, 1979), Geoff Nicholls (keyboards, guitar, bass, vocals, 1979-2004), Ronnie James Dio (vocals, 1979-82, 1991-92), Vinny Appice (drums, 1980-82, 1991-92, 1998-99), Ian Gillan (vocals, 1983-84), Bev Bevan (drums, 1983-84, 1987)


Black Sabbath formed from the ashes of two Brummie acts: Mythology and Rare Breed. Guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward (both earlier in beatsters The Rest) had just bailed on blues-rocker Mythology after a group-arrest for cannabis possession in May 1968. They teamed with singer Ozzy Osbourne and bassist Geezer Butler, both formerly of Rare Breed, after spotting Osbourne’s bulletin that read “OZZY ZIG Needs Gig – has own PA.”

The new band initially gigged as The Polka Tulk Blues Band with two additional members. After a brief run as Earth, Iommi left to join Jethro Tull for their appearance in The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus. He rejoined Earth and they changed names again, this time to Black Sabbath, taken from a 1963 Boris Karloff film then screening in Birmingham.


Black Sabbath

Black Sabbath released their self-titled debut album on February 13, 1970, on Vertigo.

1. “Black Sabbath” (6:20)
2. “The Wizard” (4:24)
3. “Behind the Wall of Sleep” (3:37)
4. “N.I.B.” (6:08)

5. “Evil Woman” Larry Weigand, Dick Weigand, David Wagner (3:25)
6. “Sleeping Village” (3:46)
7. “Warning” Aynsley Dunbar, Alex Dmochowski, Victor Hickling, John Moorshead (10:28)

Recorded 16 October 1969 single twelve-hour session
Studio Regent Sound, London
Rodger Bain – production, Jew’s harp on “Sleeping Village”[8]
Tom Allom – engineering
Barry Sheffield – engineering
Marcus Keef – graphic design, photography

In the US, Black Sabbath appeared on June 1, 1970, on Warner Bros.

“Evil Woman / Wicked World”
Released: 9 January 1970

Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[53] 6
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[51] 8
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[56] 8
UK Albums (OCC)[57] 8
French Albums (SNEP)[55] 10
Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[54] 13
US Billboard 200[58] 23
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[52] 29


Paranoid

Black Sabbath released their second album, Paranoid, on September 18, 1970, on Vertigo.

1. “War Pigs” (7:57)
2. “Paranoid” (2:48)
3. “Planet Caravan” (4:32)
4. “Iron Man” (5:56)

5. “Electric Funeral” (4:53)
6. “Hand of Doom” (7:08)
7. “Rat Salad” (instrumental) (2:30)
8. “Fairies Wear Boots” (6:15)

Recorded 16–18 June 1970 [1]
Studio Regent Sound, London Island, London

Tom Allom – engineering, piano on “Planet Caravan”
Rodger Bain – production
Brian Humphries – engineering
Marcus Keef – graphic design, photography

In the US, Warner issued Paranoid on January 7, 1971.

“Paranoid”
Released: 7 August 1970 (UK)
“Iron Man”
Released: October 1971 (US)

Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[45] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[50] 1
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[47] 2
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[43] 4
Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[46] 4
Italian Albums (Musica e Dischi)[48] 5
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[49] 5
US Billboard 200[51] 12
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[44] 20


Master of Reality

Black Sabbath released their third album, Master of Reality, on July 21, 1971, on Vertigo and Warner Bros.

1. “Sweet Leaf” (5:05)
2. “After Forever” (5:27)
3. “Embryo” (Instrumental) (0:28)
4. “Children of the Grave” (5:18)

5. “Orchid” (Instrumental) (1:31)
6. “Lord of This World” (5:27)
7. “Solitude” (5:02)
8. “Into the Void” (6:13)

Recorded 7–15 February 1971
6-13 April 1971[2]
Studio Island, London
Producer Rodger Bain

Ozzy Osbourne – lead vocals
Tony Iommi – guitar, synthesizer on “After Forever” and “Children of the Grave”, flute and piano on “Solitude”, acoustic guitar on “Orchid”, cough on “Sweet Leaf”
Geezer Butler – bass guitar
Bill Ward – drums, percussion on “Children of the Grave”, sleigh bells on “Solitude”

Keef – photography, poster design
Mike Stanford – art direction

“Children of the Grave”
Released: August 1971

Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[41] 3
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[38] 4
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[42] 5
UK Albums (OCC)[45] 5
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[39] 6
Italian Albums (Musica e Dischi)[43] 8
US Billboard 200[46] 8
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[40] 10
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[44] 12


Vol. 4

Black Sabbath released their fourth album, Vol. 4, on September 25, 1972, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Wheels of Confusion” (8:02)
2. “Tomorrow’s Dream” (3:12)
3. “Changes” (4:44)
4. “FX” (instrumental) (1:44)
5. “Supernaut” (4:50)

6. “Snowblind” (5:33)
7. “Cornucopia” (3:55)
8. “Laguna Sunrise” (instrumental) (2:53)
9. “St. Vitus Dance” (2:30)
10. “Under the Sun” (5:53)

Recorded May 1972
Studio Record Plant (Los Angeles)

Ozzy Osbourne – vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars, piano, mellotron
Geezer Butler – bass, mellotron
Bill Ward – drums, percussion

Additional
Colin Caldwell, Vic Smith – engineering
Patrick Meehan – production

“Tomorrow’s Dream”
Released: 22 September 1972

Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[36] 1
Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[38] 2
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[37] 5
UK Albums (OCC)[43] 5
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[42] 7
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[39] 8
US Billboard 200[44] 13
Italian Albums (Musica e Dischi)[40] 18


Sabbath Bloody Sabbath

Black Sabbath released their fifth album, Sabbath Bloody Sabbath, in November 1973 on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Sabbath Bloody Sabbath” (5:45)
2. “A National Acrobat” (6:16)
3. “Fluff” (instrumental) (4:11)
4. “Sabbra Cadabra” (5:59)

5. “Killing Yourself to Live” (5:41)
6. “Who Are You?” (4:11)
7. “Looking for Today” (5:06)
8. “Spiral Architect” (5:29)

Recorded September 1973
Studio Morgan, London
Producer Black Sabbath

Ozzy Osbourne – vocals (all tracks except 3), synthesizers (tracks 5 and 6), tambourine, handclaps (track 7)
Tony Iommi – guitars (all tracks), piano (tracks 3, 4, and 6), synthesizer (track 5), harpsichord (track 3), organ (track 7), flute (track 7), handclaps (track 7), bagpipes (track 8)
Geezer Butler – bass (all tracks), synthesizer and mellotron (track 6), handclaps (track 7), nose (track 8)
Bill Ward – drums (all tracks except 3), bongos (track 1), timpani (tracks 6 and 8), handclaps (track 7)

Additional personnel
Rick Wakeman – piano and Minimoog (track 4)
Wil Malone – conductor, arranger
The Phantom Fiddlers – strings (track 8)

Production
Produced by Black Sabbath for Excellency Productions
Engineered by Mike Butcher
Coordination: Mark Forster Biatch

“Sabbath Bloody Sabbath”
Released: 2 November 1973

UK Albums (OCC)[27] 4
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[21] 5
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[26] 6
US Billboard 200[28] 11
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[22] 17


Sabotage

Black Sabbath released their sixth album, Sabotage, on July 28, 1975, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Hole in the Sky” (3:59)
2. “Don’t Start (Too Late)” (instrumental) (0:49)
3. “Symptom of the Universe” (6:29)
4. “Megalomania” (9:42)

5. “Thrill of It All” (5:55)
6. “Supertzar” (instrumental – with vocalizing choir) (3:44)
7. “Am I Going Insane (Radio)” (4:14)
8. “The Writ” (8:45)

Recorded February – March 1975
Studio Morgan, London
Producer Black Sabbath Mike Butcher

Ozzy Osbourne – lead vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars, piano, synthesizer, organ, harp
Geezer Butler – bass
Bill Ward – drums, percussion, piano and backing/scat vocals on “Blow on a Jug”

Additional personnel
Will Malone – arrangements for the English Chamber Choir
Black Sabbath – co-producer
Mike Butcher – co-producer / engineer
Robin Black – engineer
David Harris – tape operator and saboteur
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[31] 6
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[35] 6
UK Albums (OCC)[36] 7
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[33] 17
US Billboard 200[37] 28 


Technical Ecstasy

Black Sabbath released their seventh album, Technical Ecstasy, on September 25, 1976, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Back Street Kids” (3:47)
2. “You Won’t Change Me” (6:42)
3. “It’s Alright” (4:04)
4. “Gypsy” (5:14)

5. “All Moving Parts (Stand Still)” (5:07)
6. “Rock ‘n’ Roll Doctor” (3:30)
7. “She’s Gone” (4:58)
8. “Dirty Women” (7:13)

Recorded June 1976
Studio Criteria, Miami
Producer Black Sabbath
Cover design by Hipgnosis

Ozzy Osbourne – lead vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars
Geezer Butler – bass
Bill Ward – drums, lead vocals on “It’s Alright”

Additional
Gerald “Jezz” Woodroffe – keyboards (credited as “Gerald Woodruffe”)

“It’s Alright” 


Never Say Die!

Black Sabbath released their eighth album, Never Say Die!, on September 29, 1978, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Never Say Die” (3:50)
2. “Johnny Blade” (6:28)
3. “Junior’s Eyes” (6:42)
4. “A Hard Road” (6:04)

5. “Shock Wave” (5:15)
6. “Air Dance” (5:17)
7. “Over to You” (5:22)
8. “Breakout” (instrumental) (2:35)
9. “Swinging the Chain” (4:06)

Recorded January–May 1978
Studio Sounds Interchange, Toronto
Producer Black Sabbath

Tony Iommi – guitar, backing vocals on “A Hard Road”
Ozzy Osbourne – lead and backing vocals
Geezer Butler – bass guitar, backing vocals on “A Hard Road”
Bill Ward – drums, lead vocals on “Swinging the Chain”, backing vocals on “A Hard Road”

additional musicians
Don Airey – keyboards
Jon Elstar – harmonica on “Swinging the Chain”
Wil Malone – brass arrangements

“Never Say Die”
Released: May 1978
“Hard Road”
Released: September 1978


Heaven and Hell

Black Sabbath released their ninth album, Heaven and Hell, on April 18, 1980, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Neon Knights” (3:53)
2. “Children of the Sea” (5:34)
3. “Lady Evil” (4:26)
4. “Heaven and Hell” (6:59)

5. “Wishing Well” (4:07)
6. “Die Young” (4:45)
7. “Walk Away” (4:25)
8. “Lonely Is the Word” (5:51)

Ronnie James Dio – vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars
Geezer Butler – bass
Bill Ward – drums, percussion

Additional personnel
Geoff Nicholls – keyboards

Produced and engineered by Martin Birch
Assistant engineer – Joe “C” Foglia
Album cover art Smoking Angels by Lynn Curlee
Back cover illustration by Harry Carmean
Art direction by Richard Seireeni

“Neon Knights”
Released: 20 June 1980
“Lady Evil”
Released: 1980 (US)
“Die Young”
Released: 28 November 1980 (UK)

UK Albums (OCC)[30] 9
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[28] 22
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[24] 23
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[29] 25
US Billboard 200[31] 28 


Mob Rules

Black Sabbath released their tenth album, Mob Rules, on November 4, 1981, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Turn Up the Night” (3:42)
2. “Voodoo” (4:32)
3. “The Sign of the Southern Cross” (7:46)
4. “E5150” (instrumental) (2:54)
5. “The Mob Rules” (3:14)

6. “Country Girl” (4:02)
7. “Slipping Away” (3:45)
8. “Falling Off the Edge of the World” (5:02)
9. “Over and Over” (5:28)

Recorded 1981
Studio Record Plant, Los Angeles

Ronnie James Dio – vocals[14]
Tony Iommi – guitars[14]
Geezer Butler – bass[14]
Vinny Appice – drums[14]

Additional performer
Geoff Nicholls – keyboards[14][16]

Production
Produced and engineered by Martin Birch[14]
Assistant engineers – Eddie DeLena, Angelo Arcuri[14]
Technicians to Black Sabbath – Ian Ferguson, Michael Howse, Les Martin, Peter Resty[14]
Cover illustration by Greg Hildebrandt[14]
Art direction by Richard Seireeni[14]

“The Mob Rules”
Released: October 1981

“Turn Up the Night”
Released: February 1982

UK Albums (OCC)[23] 12
Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[19] 18
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[17] 19


Born Again

Black Sabbath released their eleventh album, Born Again, on September 12, 1983, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “Trashed” (4:13)
2. “Stonehenge” (instrumental) (1:58)
3. “Disturbing the Priest” (5:48)
4. “The Dark” (instrumental) (0:40)
5. “Zero the Hero” (7:37)

6. “Digital Bitch” (3:36)
7. “Born Again” (6:30)
8. “Hot Line” Iommi, Butler, Gillan (4:48)
9. “Keep It Warm” Iommi, Butler, Gillan (5:33)

Ian Gillan – vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars, guitar effects, flute
Geezer Butler – bass, bass effects
Bill Ward – drums, percussion

Additional musicians
Geoff Nicholls – keyboards
Steve Barrett – art assistant
Black Sabbath – producer
Robin Black – producer, engineer
Stephen Chase – engineer, assistant engineer
Ross Halfin – photography
Steve Joule – artwork, cover design

“Trashed”
Released: October 1983

UK Albums (OCC)[51] 4
Finnish Albums (The Official Finnish Charts)[45] 6
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[50] 7
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[49] 14


Seventh Star

Black Sabbath released their twelfth album, Seventh Star, on January 28, 1986, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “In for the Kill” (3:44)
2. “No Stranger to Love” (4:25)
3. “Turn to Stone” (3:24)
4. “Sphinx (The Guardian)” (1:09)
5. “Seventh Star” (5:18)

6. “Danger Zone” (4:20)
7. “Heart Like a Wheel” (6:29)
8. “Angry Heart” (3:09)
9. “In Memory…” (2:30)

Recorded 1985
Studio Cherokee Studios, Los Angeles, California
Cheshire Sound Studios, Atlanta, Georgia
Producer Jeff Glixman

Tony Iommi – guitar
Glenn Hughes – vocals
Dave Spitz – bass guitar (except on “No Stranger to Love”)
Eric Singer – drums
Geoff Nicholls – keyboards

Additional Musicians
Gordon Copley – bass guitar (on “No Stranger to Love”)


The Eternal Idol

Black Sabbath released their thirteenth album, The Eternal Idol, on November 23, 1987, on Vertigo and Warner.

1. “The Shining” (5:57)
2. “Ancient Warrior” (5:24)
3. “Hard Life to Love” (4:53)
4. “Glory Ride” (4:43)

5. “Born to Lose” (3:48)
6. “Nightmare” (5:14) was initially written for the 1987 film A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors.
7. “Scarlet Pimpernel” (instrumental) (2:04)
8. “Lost Forever” (4:03)
9. “Eternal Idol” (6:28)

Recorded October 1986 – March 1987
Studio Air Studios, Montserrat with producer Jeff Glixman
Air Studios with Vic Coppersmith-Heaven
Battery Studios, London, England.. Tony Martin was hired and reconstructed the vocals under the guidance of producer Chris Tsangarides

Tony Iommi – guitars
Tony Martin – lead vocals
Bob Daisley – bass
Geoff Nicholls – keyboards
Eric Singer – drums
album sleeve erroneusly credits Dave Spitz as bass player

Additional performers
Bev Bevan – percussion, cymbal overdubs (on “Scarlet Pimpernel”)

Technical personnel
Jeff Glixman – producer, engineer at Associated Independent Recording Studios Monserrat
Vic Coppersmith-Heaven – producer, engineer at Associated Independent Recording Studios London
Chris Tsangarides – producer, engineer and mixing at Battery Studios, London

The album cover features two models in bronze paint re-enacting Auguste Rodin’s 1889 sculpture “The Eternal Idol”.


Headless Cross

Black Sabbath released their fourteenth album, Headless Cross, on April 24, 1989, on I.R.S.

1. “The Gates of Hell” (instrumental) Tony Iommi, Cozy Powell, Geoff Nicholls (1:06)
2. “Headless Cross” Tony Martin, Iommi, Powell (6:28)
3. “Devil & Daughter” Martin, Iommi, Powell (4:39)
4. “When Death Calls” Martin, Iommi, Powell, Nicholls (6:56) guitar solo by Brian May
5. “Kill in the Spirit World” Iommi, Powell, Martin (5:09)
6. “Call of the Wild” Iommi, Powell, Martin (5:18)
7. “Black Moon” (new version) Martin, Iommi, Powell, Nicholls (4:05)
8. “Nightwing” Martin, Iommi, Powell[14] (6:32)
9. “Cloak and Dagger” (picture disc bonus track) Martin, Iommi, Powell (4:37)

Recorded August–November 1988
Studio
The Soundmill, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Woodcray Studios, Berkshire, England
Amazon Studios, Liverpool, Merseyside, England
Producer Tony Iommi, Cozy Powell

Tony Martin – vocals
Tony Iommi – guitars, production
Geoff Nicholls − keyboards
Cozy Powell – drums, production

Additional personnel
Laurence Cottle – bass
Brian May – first guitar solo on “When Death Calls”
Technical personnel
Sean Lynch – engineer, mixing
Jeremy Lewis – post-production equalisation and remixing on “Nightwing”


Tyr

Black Sabbath released their fifteenth album, Tyr, on August 20, 1990, on I.R.S.


Dehumanizer

Black Sabbath released their sixteenth album, Dehumanizer, on June 22, 1992, on I.R.S. and Reprise.


Discography:

  • Black Sabbath (1970)
  • Paranoid (1970)
  • Master of Reality (1971)
  • Vol. 4 (1972)
  • Sabbath Bloody Sabbath (1973)
  • Sabotage (1975)
  • Technical Ecstasy (1976)
  • Never Say Die! (1978)
  • Heaven and Hell (1980)
  • Mob Rules (1981)
  • Born Again (1983)
  • Seventh Star (1986)
  • The Eternal Idol (1987)
  • Headless Cross (1989)
  • Tyr (1990)
  • Dehumanizer (1992)
  • Cross Purposes (1994)
  • Forbidden (1995)
  • 13 (2013)

Sources:

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