Audience was an English folk-psych band that debuted with the 1969 album Audience on Polydor. Between 1970 and 1972, they released three albums on Charisma: Friend’s Friend’s Friend, The House on the Hill, and Lunch. Frontman Howard Werth subsequently formed the Moonbeams. Reedist Keith Gemmell joined Stackridge for a two-album stint during the mid-1970s.

Members: Howard Werth (guitar, vocals), Trevor Williams (bass, vocals), Keith Gemmell (saxophone, clarinet, flute, 1969-72), Tony Connor (percussion, vibraphone, vocals, 1969-72), Patrick Neubergh (saxophone, 1972), Nick Judd (keyboards, 1972)


Audience grew from the Lloyd Alexander Real Estate, an R&B/beat group that issued the 1968 single “What You Gonna Do” (b/w “Gonna Live Again”) on President Records. Real Estate featured guitarist/singer Howard Werth (b. 1947), reedist Keith Gemmell (1948–2016), and bassist/lyricist Trevor Williams (b. 1945). When the three broke off to form a new band, they called in drummer Tony Connor, who auditioned months prior for a slot in Real Estate.

Within weeks of starting rehearsals, Audience gained a residency at Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club in Soho and signed a publishing contract with Essex International (Locomotive, The Move, Pink Floyd, Procol Harum), which led to a record deal with Polydor.

1969: Audience

Audience released their self-titled debut album in 1969 on Polydor (UK, France, Italy). Werth and Gemmel co-wrote eight of the 12 songs, including “Banquet,” “Leave It Unsaid,” “River Boat Queen,” “Too Late I’m Gone,” “Poet,” and “Harlequin.” The album also contains two Werth/Gemmel numbers (“Pleasant Convalescence,” “Man On Box“) and the group-written “Maidens Cry.” Williams lone-wrote the folk waltz “Waverly Stage Coach.” The album closes with their first of two versions of their signature song, “House On the Hill.”

Audience was produced by Chris Brough and engineered by Roger Quested (Chicken Shack, Martha Velez). Sessions took place at Morgan Studios with arranger Andrew Pryce Jackman (The Syn, Masters Apprentices, Fantasy, Fusion Orchestra). The sound is mostly dominated by Gemmel’s woodwinds (flute, tenor saxophone, clarinet) and Werth’s reedy voice and brisk acoustic chords. The album contains no electric guitar.

Original UK copies of Audience are housed in a thin textured paper sleeve. The cover, designed by Paragon Publicity, shows a photo-negative of the band against a tree.

Polydor lifted no singles from Audience, which was pressed in small numbers and soon became a high-priced collector’s item. The contract was quickly annulled.

“House On The Hill” appears on the 1969 Polydor comp Way In to the 70’s with cuts by Ten Wheel Drive, Taste, and Tony Williams Lifetime. “Banquet” appears on the 1970 label comp Pop Sound 70 with tracks by The Who and the Bee Gees; as well as on Polydor Presents Rock Party, a two-LP set with songs by Savage Rose, Jimi Hendrix, Fat Mattress, Cat Mother, Cream, Jack Bruce, Blind Faith, Stone the Crows, and Ashton, Gardner & Dyke.

In late 1969, as Audience courted press and concertgoers, filmmaker Barney Platts-Mills commissioned the band to write the score for Bronco Bullfrog, a film on East End skinhead culture.

Shortly after parting ways with Polydor, Audience was spotted opening for Led Zeppelin by music mogul Tony Stratton-Smith, who added them to Charisma Records, his newly established label for post-psych acts (Genesis, Lindisfarne, Rare Bird, Van Der Graaf Generator).

1970: Friend’s Friend’s Friend

Audience released their second album, Friend’s Friend’s Friend, in May 1970 on Charisma (UK) and Philips (Europe, NZ, Japan). It features four songs per side, including the group-written “Ebony Variations” and the eight-minute Gemmell/Connor epic “Raid.” The remaining tracks are Werth/Williams compositions, including “Right In Their Side,” “It Brings a Tear,” “Nothing You Do,” and the climactic “Priestess.”

Friend’s Friend’s Friend is a self-produced effort. Sessions took place at Olympic and Morgan Studios with engineer Mike Bobak, who also worked on 1969–70 albums by Cat Stevens, Dada, Little Free Rock, Magna Carta (Seasons), Pussy, Red Dirt, and Steamhammer (Mk II).

Original copies are housed in a gatefold sleeve designed by CCS Advertising Associates Ltd. The watercolor image shows a caravan of colorful people and anthropomorphic animals lined across a green field behind a blue-tousled pan flutist. The inner-spread shows tongues agape as the same crowd flies in the opposite direction.

Charisma lifted “Belladonna Moonshine” as a single, backed with the non-album Werth/Williams song “The Big Spell.”

“It Brings a Tear” appears on the 1970 US Elektra comp Garden of Delights, a three-LP set with cuts by Love, Gulliver, Earth Opera, Incredible String Band, The Stooges, Atomic Rooster, Renaissance, and the Voices of East Harlem. Elektra would issue the next two Audience albums stateside.

1971: The House on the Hill

For their third album, Audience teamed with producer Gus Dudgeon, who worked on 1969–70 albums by Al Stewart, Bakerloo, David Bowie, Locomotive (We Are Everything You See), Strawbs, and Tea and Symphony. Most recently, he produced Spring, John Kongos, and the star-making albums of his main client, Elton John.

The House on the Hill appeared in April 1971 on Charisma (UK), Elektra (US, Canada), and Philips (Japan, Oceania, Italy, Germany). The album features six Werth co-writes: two with Gemmell (“Jackdaw,” “Your Not Smiling”) and four with Williams (“I Had a Dream,” “Nancy,” “Eye to Eye,” “The House On the Hill”). Raviolé,” Werth’s classical instrumental that concludes side one, features the London Symphony Orchestra, arranged by Robert Kirby (Nick Drake, Phillip Goodhand-Tait, Shelagh McDonald, Spirogyra, Vashti Bunyan).

Side two contains Audience’s first and only cover, the ominous perennial “I Put a Spell on You,” a 1957 hit for Screamin’ Jay Hawkins that was recently re-popularized by the Crazy World of Arthur Brown and the Alan Price Set.

Sessions for The House on the Hill took place at Trident Studios. Select passages feature electric classical guitar (Werth) and vibraphone (Connor), plus Dudgeon on maracas and cowbell.

Hipgnosis, the London post-psych design firm, rendered the album’s bleak gatefold imagery. It shows a formally attired, ’40s style man and woman looking curiously aside in a living room (front) while a butler drags a dead man through the hallway (back). The inner-spread shows a cross-street photo of the haunted Victorian house in which the scene unfolds. Elektra copies present the nameplate in curly serif type.

The House on the Hill was directly preceded by the Dudgeon-produced single “Indian Summer,” a buoyant acoustic plucker (b/w the earlier “It Brings a Tear”). Elektra added the song to North American pressings of the album. It also appears on the 1972 Brazilian Philips comp Hot Road with cuts by Drama and Manfred Mann’s Earth Band.

Audience toured the US in late 1971 with Faces and Cactus. Upon their return to the UK, a road-worn Gemmel left the band in January 1972.

1972: Lunch

Audience was half-finished recording their fourth album at the time of Gemmell’s departure. They completed the album with saxophonist Bobby Keys and trumpeter Jim Price, also heard on the 1971–72 Rolling Stones albums Sticky Fingers and Exile On Main Street. Pianist Nick Judd joined as a fifth member.

Lunch appeared in February 1972 on Charisma (UK, NZ), Elektra (North America), and Philips (Europe, Mexico, South America). The album features 10 originals, including four by Werth (“Stand By the Door,” “Ain’t the Man You Need,” “Thunder and Lightnin’,” “Buy Me an Island”) and four Werth/Williams co-writes (“Seven Sore Bruises,” “Barracuda Dan,” “Party Games,” “Trombone Gulch”). Gemmel co-wrote “Hula Girl” with Werth and “In Accord” with Connor and Williams.

Sessions took place at Trident Studios between November 1971 and January 1972 with Dudgeon and engineer David Hentschel. Keys and Price play on “Seven Sore Bruises,” “Ain’t The Man You Need,” “Barracuda Dan,” and “Trombone Gulch.” The remaining tracks feature Gemmell on reeds. Additional instruments include marimba (Connor) and accordion (Williams).

Hipgnosis designer George Hardie did the cover, which features a stock photo of two women from a 1930s fashion catalog. The inner-spread pictures eight people: the original quartet, plus Judd, Dudgeon, Keys, and Price.

Subsequent Activity

Audience toured in support of Lunch with Judd and soprano saxist Pat Charles Neuberg. They disbanded in the late summer of 1972 when Williams quit and Judd jumped to another sinking ship, Juicy Lucy. The following year, Charisma released Audience, a compilation of material from the last two albums, plus the unissued Werth/Williams number “Elixir of Youth.”

Werth formed the Moonbeams with guitarist Bob Weston (Ashkan, Fleetwood Mac) and issued the 1975 album King Brilliant on Charisma. His only solo album to date, 6ix of 1ne and ½ a Dozen of the Other, appeared in 1982.

Gemmell teamed with ex-Quatermass drummer Mick Underwood for the 1972 Philips one-off Sammy. He then joined Stackridge for their 1975/76 albums Extravaganza and Mr. Mick. In 1983, he joined the Pasadena Roof Orchestra, an ever-touring 1930s-style big band. He died in 2016 of tongue cancer.

Connor drummed Hot Chocolate to chart success during the late 1970s. Williams turned up in Jonathan Kelly‘s Outside alongside ex-Byzantium/future-Blockhead keyboardist and songwriter Chas Jankel.

Judd played on 1973–75 albums by Brian Eno (Here Come the Warm Jets), Sharks, and the Andy Fraser Band.

In 2004, Werth, Gemmell, and Williams reformed Audience for a nine-year second run that produced the live CD Alive & Kickin’ & Screamin’ & Shoutin’.



1 thought on “Audience

  1. With a mix of electric, acoustic, and woodwind instrumentation, Audience wove a folksy, Victorian-laced sound that veered from whimsical to ominous and back. The first two albums show the band’s perkier characteristics while the shivering excursions of The House on the Hill (1971) reveal a darker side.

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